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Post Extraction Instructions for Children and Adults

Written by
Dr. Nivedita Dalmia
and medically reviewed by iCliniq medical review team.

Published on Apr 07, 2015 and last reviewed on Jul 19, 2019   -  4 min read

Abstract

Abstract

It is very important to maintain a good oral hygiene after tooth extraction. This article discusses in detail the instructions to be followed after tooth extraction.

Post Extraction Instructions for Children and Adults
Contents

After tooth extraction, it is crucial for the blood clot to form and start the healing process. For this, post-extraction instructions should be carefully followed, otherwise, it will lead to swelling of the face, bleeding from the socket, infections, etc.

Post-Extraction Instructions for Kids (Milk Tooth)

Things To Do

Things To Avoid

Post-Extraction Instructions for Adults

Things To Do

Things To Avoid

Post-Extraction Complications

If you fail at post-extraction care, it increases the risk of post-extraction complications. The possible complications are:

1. Prolonged bleeding - The bleeding can last from 8 to 72 hours after the extraction. If you are still bleeding profusely after 12 hours, consult your dentist.

2. Dry socket (Alveolitis) - If the blood clot formed in the extraction site gets dislodged, it results in a dry socket. It is extremely painful. The clot can dislodge if you use a straw, gargle forcefully, spit after extraction, or smoke.

3. Infection - If the extraction site gets contaminated, it can result in the spread of infection. Always take antibiotics if your dentist prescribed them.

4. Bruising - Bruising is bleeding under the skin, which occurs when the small blood vessels get damaged. It is a very common complication.

5. Trismus - Restricted mouth opening after extraction is called trismus.

6. Swelling - Depending on how traumatic the extraction was, the extent of swelling will vary. If the bone had to be drilled to remove the tooth, the swelling will be more. To avoid this, place ice packs after getting your tooth extracted, and do not eat anything hot for 24 hours.

7. Osteomyelitis - Bacterial infection of the bone. Your dentist will prescribe antibiotics for this.

8. Osteonecrosis - Lack of blood supply can lead to the death of bone cells called osteonecrosis.

When to See a Dentist?

You might have pain and bleed up to 24 hours after the extraction. And you might also have swelling, but if you have the following signs or symptoms, consult your dentist:

Consult a dentist online for queries regarding oral hygiene maintenance after tooth extraction --> https://www.icliniq.com/ask-a-doctor-online/dentist

 

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Last reviewed at:
19 Jul 2019  -  4 min read

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