Published on Apr 09, 2018 and last reviewed on Dec 21, 2018 - 2 min read
This article gives a brief overview of tinnitus, the various risk factors, the diagnostic tools available and the basic plan of management.
Tinnitus is a very common symptom encountered in day-to-day life. A person often describes it as a 'ringing sensation' in the ears or may perceive it as hissing, clicking, whistling, rustling sounds, in the absence of external sounds. It may be intermittent or continuous and is present in one or both ears. About one in five people have bothersome tinnitus and it negatively affects their quality of life and/or functional health status.
Tinnitus is primarily caused by environmental and behavioral factors, with noise exposure and hearing loss being the main catalysts for the condition. However, for a variety of reasons, certain groups appear to be more susceptible to both acute and chronic tinnitus (tinnitus lasting for more than six months).
Some High-Risk Groups Include
Causes in Brief
Tinnitus can result from a variety of causes, ranging from those in the ear like impacted wax, fluid in the middle ear, presbycusis, noise-induced hearing loss to systemic causes like hypertension, thyroid hormone excess/deficiency, and anemia.
Sometimes, head injury and brain hemorrhage patients too develop tinnitus later on.
Evaluation of a Patient with Tinnitus
There are various tools used by audiologists or otorhinolaryngologists that help to evaluate and diagnose tinnitus. They include:
Speech audiometry, pure tone audiometry, tympanogram, acoustic reflex testing and otoacoustic emission testing.
The underlying cause should be discovered and treated. Sometimes, even the treatment of the cause may not alleviate tinnitus.
When no cause is found, management includes:
For more information consult a tinnitus specialist online --> https://www.icliniq.com/ask-a-doctor-online/audiologist/tinnitus
Article Overview: Tinnitus is the presence of noise or sound in the ear. It can occur due to diseases in the ear or any systemic diseases like high blood pressure. The management involves a thorough hearing testing and further treatment based on the cause. Read Article
Tinnitus is ringing sounds in the ears. The person experiencing it may describe it as roaring, humming or a hissing sound in the ears. This kind of noise can be very annoying and disturbing to the one facing this problem. Sometimes it may be so severe, as to disturb the sleep of a person. Causes of... Read Article
Query: Hello doctor,My mother is in a care home and is experiencing very loud tinnitus. She is becoming very stressed and anxious as this has been going on for months. We have asked her GP to help but it does not seem that anything can be done. She has had her ears cleared but this has not helped either. S... Read Full »
Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. Does she have any ear discharge too? What medicines has she been taking for hypertension? Revert with more information to an ENT otolaryngologist online --> https://www.icliniq.com/ask-a-doctor-online/ENT-Otolaryngologist Read Full »
Query: Hello doctor, I am looking for a second opinion. I got tinnitus from loud noise three weeks ago. Most of the time the noise is constant 3 or 4 on a scale of 1 to 10. Yesterday morning I experienced my best day as the noise seemed to reduce to a 2. However, it went back up to a 3 and 4 again yesterd... Read Full »
Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. The cause of tinnitus is usually idiopathic. Every normal person can hear that sound many times in their lives. It goes away as suddenly as it had started. There is no reason for worrying as you have no hearing loss. So relax, do not worry as these kinds of tinnitus... Read Full »
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