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Everything You Need to Know About Erectile Dysfunction (ED)

Published on Apr 08, 2019   -  6 min read



Erectile dysfunction (ED) is the inability to get an erection for sexual intercourse, and it is sometimes called impotence. Infrequent erectile dysfunction is not remarkable, as almost all men experience it sometimes due to stress. Frequent erectile dysfunction can be an indication of health problems that need treatment. It can likewise be an indication of emotional or relationship difficulties that should be tended to by an expert.

Everything You Need to Know About Erectile Dysfunction (ED)

What Is Erectile Dysfunction (ED)?

Erectile dysfunction (ED) is the inability to get an erection for sexual intercourse, and it is sometimes called impotence. Infrequent erectile dysfunction is not remarkable, as almost all men experience it sometimes due to stress. Frequent erectile dysfunction can be an indication of health problems that need treatment. It can likewise be an indication of emotional or relationship difficulties that must be tended by an expert.

Not all sexual problems are caused by erectile dysfunction. The other types of male sexual dysfunction include:

What Are the Symptoms of Erectile Dysfunction?

You may have erectile dysfunction if you routinely have:

You should talk to your doctor if you have any of these symptoms, particularly if they have lasted for at least two months. Your doctor can determine if your sexual issue is caused by a basic condition that requires treatment.

What Are the Other Disorders Related to ED?

Other sexual disorders related to erectile dysfunction include:

  1. Premature ejaculation.
  2. Delayed ejaculation.
  3. Anorgasmia, which is the inability to accomplish climax after adequate stimulation.

What Causes Erectile Dysfunction?

There are numerous causes for erectile dysfunction, and they can incorporate both emotional and physical disorders. Some common causes are:

Psychological factors are a typical cause of ED, they include:

Erectile dysfunction can be caused by any one or a few of these factors. This is the reason it is important to work with your doctor so they can treat any hidden ailments.

What Causes an Erection?

An erection is the result of excess blood flow into your penis. Blood flow is generally stimulated by either sexual thoughts or direct contact with your penis.

At the point when a man turns out to be sexually excited, muscles in their penis unwind. This relaxation allows more blood flow through the penile arteries. This blood fills two chambers inside the penis called the corpora cavernosa. As the chambers load up with blood, the penis becomes inflexible. Erection closes when the muscles contract and the accumulated blood can flow out through the penile veins.

Erectile dysfunction can happen because of problems at any stage of the erection procedure. For instance, the penile arteries might be too harmed to open legitimately and allow blood in.

How Does Age Affect the Occurrence of Erectile Dysfunction?

Approximately 30 million Indian men have erectile dysfunction. Among which-

Although the danger of erectile dysfunction increments with age, it is not inevitable as you age. It might be increasingly difficult to get an erection as you age, but that does not really mean you will have erectile dysfunction. The healthier you are, the better your sexual function.

Erectile dysfunction can happen among young men. A 2016 study found that one out of four men looking for their first treatment for erectile dysfunction were younger than 40 years. The researchers found a stronger correlation between smoking and illicit drug use and erectile dysfunction in men under 40 than among more established men. That suggests that lifestyle decisions might be a fundamental contributing factor for erectile dysfunction in young men.

Research on erectile dysfunction in men under 40 years found that smoking is the cause for 41 % of men with ED. And 27 % of men had ED because of diabetes.

How Is Erectile Dysfunction Diagnosed?

Your doctor will get some information about your symptoms and health history. They may do tests to determine if your symptoms are caused by a fundamental condition. You should expect a physical test where your doctor will listen to your heart and lungs, check your blood pressure, and look at your testicles and penis. They may likewise prescribe a rectal test to check your prostate. Additionally, you may require blood or urine tests to diagnosis other conditions.

What Are the Treatments Available?

Treatment for ED will depend on the cause. You may likewise need to use a combination of treatments, which includes medication, lifestyle changes, and therapy.


Your doctor may recommend medication to help deal with your symptoms. You may need to try a few medications before you discover one that works. These medications can have side effects. If you are encountering unpleasant side effects, talk to your doctor. They might probably prescribe a different medication. The following medications stimulate blood flow to your penis to help treat ED:

Natural Remedies and Herbs:

For certain men, natural remedies may help. Talk to your doctor before trying supplements or herbs. You should be cautious while purchasing supplements and herbs, as many are not regulated, which implies they may contain additional ingredients not listed on the marks. Request that your doctor prescribe reputable brands and abstain from obtaining supplements online.

The following herbs and supplements have been shown to have differing degrees of progress for the treatment of ED:

Talk Therapy:

If you are encountering psychological ED, you may benefit from talk therapy. Therapy can enable you to deal with your mental health. You will likely work with your therapist more than a few sessions, and your therapist will address things like significant stress or anxiety factors, emotions around sex, or subliminal conflicts that can be affecting your sexual prosperity.

If ED is affecting your relationship, you may likewise consider talking with a relationship advocate. Relationship advising can help you reconnect emotionally with a partner, which may likewise support your ED.

Alternative Treatments:

If your ED is caused by stress, yoga, and massage may help if you discover these activities unwinding.

Prostatic Massage:

A few men use a type of massage therapy called prostatic back rub. Practitioners know the tissues in and around your crotch to promote blood flow to your penis. There are limited studies on the adequacy of this type of back rub.


Acupuncture may help treat psychological ED, though studies are limited and uncertain. You will likely need a few appointments before you start to notice any improvements. While picking an acupuncturist, search for a certified practitioner who uses expendable needles and follows U.S. Nourishment and Drug Administration guidelines for needle transfer and sterilization.

Pelvic Floor Muscle Exercises:

A study with 55 men saw improvement to penile function after three months of ordinary pelvic floor muscles exercises, and after six months, 40 % of men had recaptured typical erectile function.

Kegel exercises are a basic exercise you can use to strengthen your pelvic floor muscles. Here is how you do them:

  1. Identify your pelvic floor muscles. To do this, stop urinating midstream. The muscles you use are your pelvic floor muscles. Your testicles will likewise rise when you contract these muscles.
  2. Now that you know where these muscles are, contract them for 5 to 20 seconds. Then relax them.
  3. Repeat this exercise 10 to 20 times consecutively, three to four times every day.

Lifestyle Changes and Diet:

Healthy lifestyle habits may prevent ED and in certain situations turn around the condition:

Erectile dysfunction is often related to problems with your blood flow, so maintaining your blood vessel health through exercise, and a healthy diet may help lessen your risk for erectile dysfunction.

Change Your Medications

Now and again, medications used to treat other conditions may cause ED. Talk to your doctor about medications you are taking and whether they can be causing your symptoms. There might be other medications you can take instead.

Do not stop taking medications without talking to your doctor first.

Is Erectile Dysfunction Reversible?

Yes, you can improve your symptoms with the use of medications and other available treatments. Certain devices like an erectile dysfunction siphon or erectile dysfunction ring may temporarily stop the symptoms, thus helping you to continue to take part in sexual intercourse.

Erectile dysfunction is a typical condition, and it has numerous conceivable causes. Talk about your symptoms with your doctor early, so they can diagnose the cause and start the treatment.


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Last reviewed at:
08 Apr 2019  -  6 min read


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