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Everything You Need to Know About Erectile Dysfunction (ED)

Published on Apr 08, 2019 and last reviewed on Jan 13, 2022   -  6 min read


Erectile dysfunction (ED) is the inability of men to get an erection for sexual intercourse, and it is sometimes called impotence. Read the below article to know more about erectile dysfunction.

Everything You Need to Know About Erectile Dysfunction (ED)

What Is Erectile Dysfunction (ED)?

Erectile dysfunction(ED) is when a male cannot maintain his penis erection for sexual intercourse, and it is sometimes called impotence. Infrequent erectile dysfunction is not a condition to be concerned about because almost all men would have experienced it sometimes in their life due to stress. Frequent erectile dysfunction can be due to any health problems that need treatment. It can likewise indicate emotional or relationship difficulties that should be managed by an expert. Not all sexual dysfunctions are caused by erectile dysfunction.

The other types of male sexual dysfunction include:

What Are the Symptoms of Erectile Dysfunction?

You may have erectile dysfunction if you routinely have:

If you have any of the above symptoms, please talk to your doctor, particularly if they have lasted for at least two months. The doctor will identify the cause of your sexual issue and treat it appropriately.

The following conditions are the other sexual disorders related to erectile dysfunction:

  1. Premature ejaculation.

  2. Delayed ejaculation.

  3. Anorgasmia, an inability to accomplish climax after adequate stimulation.

What Causes Erectile Dysfunction?

There are various causes for erectile problems, including emotional and physical disorders. Some common reasons are:

Psychological factors are a typical cause of ED. They include:

Erectile dysfunction can be caused by any one or a few of these factors. This is why it is important to work with your doctor to treat any hidden ailments.

What Causes an Erection?

An erection is the result of excess blood flow into your penis. Blood flow is generally stimulated by sexual thoughts or through direct contact with your penis.

Sexual excitation in a man can cause the muscles of his penis to relax. This relaxation allows more blood to flow through the penile arteries. This blood fills two chambers inside the penis called the corpora cavernosa. As the chambers load up with blood, the penis becomes inflexible. An erection might close when the muscles contract and the accumulated blood flows through the penile veins.

Erectile dysfunction can happen because of problems at any stage of the erection process. For example, the penile arteries might be too damaged to open legitimately and allow blood inside the penis.

How Does Age Affect the Occurrence of Erectile Dysfunction?

Approximately 30 million Indian men have erectile dysfunction. Among which:

Although the danger of erectile dysfunction increases with age, it is not unavoidable as you age. The healthier you are, the better is your sexual function.

Erectile dysfunctioncan happen among young men. A 2016 study found that one out of four men looking for their first treatment for erectile dysfunction was less than 40 years. The researchers found a stronger connection between smoking and illegal drug use and erectile dysfunction in men under 40 years than among more established men.

How Is Erectile Dysfunction Diagnosed?

The doctor may perform some tests to determine if a fundamental condition causes your symptoms. You should expect a physical examination where your doctor will check your blood pressure, listen to your heart and lungs, examine your testicles and penis, and prescribe a rectal exam to check your prostate. Additionally, you may require blood or urine tests to diagnose other conditions.

What Are the Treatments Available for Erectile Dysfunction?

Treatment for erectile dysfunction will usually depend on the cause. You may likewise need to use a combination of treatments, including medication, lifestyle changes, and therapy.


Your doctor may recommend medication to help deal with your symptoms. You may need to try a few medicines before discovering one that works. These medications can have side effects. If you are encountering unpleasant side effects, talk to your doctor. They might probably prescribe a different medication. The following medications will stimulate blood flow to the penis to help treat ED:

Natural Remedies and Herbs:

For certain men, natural remedies may help. Talk to your doctor before trying supplements or herbs. It would help if you were cautious while purchasing supplements and herbs, as many are not regulated, implying they may contain additional ingredients not listed on the marks. Request that your doctor prescribe reputable brands and abstain from obtaining supplements online.

The following herbs and supplements have shown promising results in the treatment of ED:

Talk Therapy:

ED caused by psychological conditions can be treated by talk therapy. This therapy can enable you to deal with your mental health. You will likely work with your therapist for more than a few sessions. Your therapist will address significant stress or anxiety factors, emotions around sex, or subliminal conflicts that can affect your sexual prosperity.

If ED affects your relationship, you can also consider talking with a relationship advocate. Relationship advising can help you reconnect emotionally with a partner, supporting your ED.

Alternative Treatments:

If your ED is caused by stress, yogaand massage may help discover these activities unwinding.

Prostatic Massage:

A few men use a type of massage therapy called prostatic back rub. Practitioners know the tissues in and around your crotch to promote blood flow to your penis.


Acupuncture can treat psychological ED, though studies are limited and uncertain. You will likely need a few appointments before you start to notice any improvements.

Pelvic Floor Muscle Exercises:

A study with 55 men saw an improvement in penile function after three months of ordinary pelvic floor muscles exercises, and after six months, 40 % of men had recaptured typical erectile function.

Kegel exercisesare an essential exercise you can use to strengthen your pelvic floor muscles. Here is how you do them:

  1. Identify your pelvic floor muscles. To do this, stop urinating midstream. The muscles you use for this are your pelvic floor muscles. Your testicles will likewise rise when you contract these muscles.

  2. Now that you know where these muscles are and contract them for 5 to 20 seconds. Then relax them.

  3. Repeat this exercise 10 to 20 times consecutively, three to four times every day.

Lifestyle Changes and Diet:

Healthy lifestyle habits can help to prevent ED and, in certain situations, turn around the condition:

Erectile dysfunction is often related to problems with your blood flow, so maintaining your blood vessel health through exercise and a healthy diet may help lessen your risk for erectile dysfunction.

Change Your Medications:

Now and again, medications used to treat other conditions may cause ED. There might be other medications you can take instead. Discuss with your doctor about medications you are taking and whether they can be causing your symptoms.

Do not quit taking any medications without consulting your doctor.

Is Erectile Dysfunction Reversible?

Yes, you can improve your symptoms with medications and other available treatments. Specific devices like an erectile dysfunction siphon or erectile dysfunction ring may temporarily stop the signs, thus helping you continue taking part in sexual intercourse.


Erectile dysfunction is a typical condition, and it has numerous conceivable causes. Please talk about your symptoms with your doctor early, so they can diagnose the cause and start the treatment.

Article Resources

Last reviewed at:
13 Jan 2022  -  6 min read




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