Published on Jun 02, 2019 - 2 min read
This article discusses fungal infection known as oral candidiasis. It is the most common opportunistic infection of the oral cavity.
Oral candidiasis is the most common opportunistic infection of the oral cavity, which is observed mostly in patients who have low immunity like HIV, diabetic patients, and those who belong to older age group wearing dentures. Though there are several Candida species, Candida albicans is most commonly associated with it.
It presents as curd-like, atrophic, speckled, and hyperplastic lesion. Accordingly, there are several types of candidiasis. These are:
There are several causes associated with it, which are:
Clinical examinations followed by investigations are usually done to diagnose this condition. Usually, the scrapping of lesion exposes the erythematous red surface beneath which distinguishes it from leukoplakia. The culture of the lesion shows the presence of fungi. Other investigations like complete blood count, glucose levels, hemoglobin estimation, and various tests for antibodies reveal underlying diseases like diabetes, anemia, leukemia, and autoimmune disorders.
The management requires multipronged strategy depending upon the cause. The various strategies are:
Several preventive measures can be taken to prevent the infection. These are:
Remember: "Prevention is always better than cure."
Query: Hello doctor, I have a sore throat and trouble swallowing. I had Candida albicans in the throat and saw an ENT two days ago. He said it was almost gone but I have an inflamed papilla. Could that be the reason? I have trouble eating and drinking now. Read Full »
Query: Hello doctor, I have been diagnosed with candida albicans in the throat through an endoscopy. I had a sore throat in the beginning and was misdiagnosed and given antibiotics which made things worse. I have been on Nystatin twice a day 5 ml each and Betadine twice a day for two weeks now. I have als... Read Full »
Article Overview: This article discusses about the clinical presentation and management of candidiasis. Read Article
An infection caused by the yeast (fungus), Candida albicans is known as candidiasis. This infection is usually confined to the skin, nail, mucus membranes and gastrointestinal tract. But, it can also infect internal organs and cause systemic disease. Candida albicans is an oval yeast, which divides... Read Article
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