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Bariatric surgery is a surgical procedure that is done to reduce food intake in overweight or obese people, which in turn helps in weight loss.
The types of bariatric surgery include:
- Roux-en-Y gastric bypass.
- Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding.
- Sleeve gastrectomy.
- Duodenal switch with biliopancreatic diversion.
Obese individuals that are people with BMI (body mass index) more than 30, and morbidly obese patients (BMI over 40) can consider getting bariatric surgery. BMI is calculated by dividing a person’s weight in kilograms with the square of his or her height in meters.
A surgeon who performs bariatric or weight-loss surgeries is called a bariatric surgeon. A bariatric surgeon is trained to run a lot of tests of the patient to see if they meet the criteria for bariatric surgery and then depending on the patient’s choice, performs the surgery on them.
Right after the surgery, you will only be able to eat little amounts of food twice or thrice a day. But after a few weeks, you will be able to eat more. The aim is to eat slowly and consume food rich in protein, such as eggs, fish, seafood, etc.
Patients do experience some pain after bariatric surgery, which is managed by painkillers. After the recovery periods, most patients do not experience pain, while some complaint of neck and shoulder pain.
Yes, you have to be on a liquid diet for two weeks before bariatric surgery. This will help you start your weight loss journey and will reduce the size of the liver, which will make the surgery easier.
All types of bariatric surgery are relatively safe, but the adjustable gastric band type is considered to be the safest, as the mortality rate for this procedure is 0.05%.