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There are two types of infertility, primary and secondary. When a couple fails to get pregnant even after having unprotected sexual intercourse for over a year, it is called as primary infertility. Secondary infertility is the inability to conceive after getting pregnant previously. Infertility can result from some sexual problems in both male or female. There are a lot of causes of infertility, but due to medical advances, some of these causes are treatable.
The most common cause of infertility among women is the absence of ovulation, which results in irregular or no menstruation. Some of the other causes are age (women above 35 years), obesity, smoking, PCOS (Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome), endometriosis, problems in the fallopian tubes, STD (Sexually Transmitted Diseases), premature ovarian failure, thyroid problems, cancer, etc.
In men, infertility is mainly due to low sperm count and mobility. Other causes may include testicular infection, undescended testicles, varicocele, ejaculatory duct blockage, testosterone deficiency, obesity, stress, etc.
Some of the treatment options available are fertility drugs, Intrauterine Insemination (IUI), In-vitro Fertilization(IVF), tubal cannulation, etc. If you and your partner are trying to conceive without luck, it is best to consult an infertility specialist. Medical platforms have made it easy to ask doctors online through real-time video consultations. This might be helpful in identifying any treatable problem, which might help you conceive.
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