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Myocardial infarction or heart attack causes damage to the heart muscles, which occurs when the blood flow to the heart is reduced or stopped. A blockage reduces the blood flow in the coronary arteries through the formation of plaque, which is a buildup of fat, cholesterol, and other substance. It is a medical emergency and can be fatal. The common symptoms include chest pain, difficulty breathing, nausea, indigestion, chest tightness, cold sweat, fatigue, dizziness, and loss of consciousness. High blood pressure, obesity, high cholesterol levels, diabetes, family history, sedentary lifestyle, etc., are some of the risk factors of a heart attack. Myocardial infarction damages the heart muscles that might lead to abnormal heart rhythms, heart failure, and sudden cardiac arrest. The medications used to treat heart attack are Aspirin, Nitroglycerin, beta-blockers, and ACE inhibitors.
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