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Phacoemulsification is the commonly used surgery to treat cataract, which is the condition where the lens of the eye becomes cloudy and dense. It was invented by Dr.Charles D. Kelman in the late 1960s. During this surgery, a small incision is made at the edge of the cornea, and the cloudy lens is broken into tiny fragments with the help of an ultrasonic probe. These broken fragments are then suctioned out. After this, an intraocular lens implant (IOL) is placed. This surgery is performed with the help of local or topical anesthesia. The incision made in the cornea does not need any stitches and heals on its own. After this procedure, antibiotics, steroids, and painkiller eye drops are prescribed.