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Emphysema is a respiratory condition that comes under COPD that causes
damage to the alveoli in the lungs. Hence, the body does not get the
oxygen that is required. Also, it leads to breathing difficulties,
along with manifestations of long-term cough and difficulty in
breathing during exercise. When it worsens, the symptoms manifested
include loss of appetite, sleep issues, depression, blue lips or nail
beds, fatigue, morning headaches, frequent lung infections, loss of
weight, etc. Cigarette smoking is the most common cause of this
condition. Other causes include passive smoking, air pollution, etc.
It can be diagnosed using various tests like lung function tests,
spirometry, etc. It can be manAged in various ways. The medicinal
treatment involves around bronchodilators, inhalational medicines,
etc. In cases of severe condition, lung transplant can be done. The
final treatment option available is surgical management. Also,
quitting smoking will at least stop the worsening of the condition.
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