Infertility refers to the inability to conceive a child and get pregnant even after trying actively for 12 months. Infertility occurs due to genetic defects, health problems, infections or hormonal imbalances
. The issue may be present in men and women. When you approach an infertility specialist, you can expect the doctor to counsel both the partners and enquire regarding the number of months you have been trying for a baby, methods of contraception used and previous treatments, or pregnancies, if any. They then run a battery of tests and investigations to rule out the other causes, pinpoint on the exact reason and also suggest treatment protocols for both partners.