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Back pain is the most common spine problem that people suffer from. Almost 80 % of the population is affected by back pain caused due to various reasons. A spine specialist is trained in the diagnosis and medical treatment of back and neck problems. They attempt to treat the patient's discomfort without surgery. They help by providing rehabilitation therapy, injection therapy, and medication management.
The back is a complicated structure made of bones, ligaments, and muscles. Back pain can be caused due to reasons like a sprained ligament, muscle strain, disc rupture, and joint problems. Lower back pain is the leading cause of disability worldwide. Conditions like arthritis, poor posture, obesity, and stress can complicate back pain. It can also be a result of some other health condition like kidney stones, kidney infections, blood clots, and bone loss.
As people age, the back pain and stiffness increase because the bones and intervertebral discs begin to deteriorate. But, there are things that you can try to maintain the flexibility and health of your spine. The things you can do to prevent back pain are, maintain your weight, avoid prolonged inactivity, wear flat shoes, maintain proper posture, do strengthening exercises for back and abs, and sleep in a medium-firm mattress. Most back injuries are self-limiting and get better over time with appropriate care. But, if your back pain is severe and if the pain radiates to your legs or arms, then it is best you consult a spine specialist online today.