Brain Infections

Viruses, bacteria, fungi, and sometimes, protozoa or parasites can cause infections of the brain. All brain infections, no matter the cause, result in brain swelling or inflammation (encephalitis) and can also cause inflammation of the tissue (meninges) that cover the brain (meningitis). Some of the common symptoms of brain infections are confusion, irritability, changes in vision, personality changes, fever, neck stiffness, vomiting, and decreased speech.

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What condition can cause neck stiffness, severe headaches, leg weakness, and hand tingling?

Query: Hi doctor,Actually, my father has diabetes mellitus, hypertension, psoriasis, and psoriasis arthritis. For few days, he has neck stiffness, sudden severe headache. The pain usually starts from the back of the head or temple side. Pain starts anytime throughout the day. He complains of weakness in th...  Read Full »

Dr. Kapil Kumar Gupta

Answer: Hello, Welcome to The symptoms that you have mentioned about your father suggests brain infection or meningitis or encephalitis, or cerebral vascular accident (CVA), which means either bleeding from the vessels or blockage in the vessels. The good thing is that the most lethal out of th...  Read Full »

Is pulling nose hair dangerous?

Query: Hello doctor, Today, I plucked a nose hair. I work in a hospital setting, so I guess; I am around with a lot of germs. I read that plucking a nose hair can lead to a cut and some infection inside the nose. Then, this infection can reach the brain and cause loss of vision, headaches and fevers. Is th...  Read Full »

Dr. Geetha Priyadarsini Kamminana

Answer: Hello, Welcome to Your concern is correct. Plucking nasal hair can injure or break the skin or nasal mucosa leading to the root infection that may spread to the brain. The triangular area in and around the nose forms the dangerous triangle or dangerous area of the face. Due to special...  Read Full »

Can heaviness and slight pressure inside the ear of my daughter be neurological?

Query: Hi doctor, My daughter has nerve hearing loss of around 50 % in left ear along with tinnitus since 10 years. She is 22 now. On the second of this month, she had put a drop of oil in the left ear. In finding herself uncomfortable, she visited an ENT, who put her on antibiotics for middle ear infectio...  Read Full »

Dr. Hitesh Kumar

Answer: Hello, Welcome to The symptoms of your daughter seem primarily related to her ear. Though sometimes, there can be a spread of infection from ear to brain or other intracranial complication due to ear pathology. I suggest you get an MRI of the brain with contrast with MR venogram ...  Read Full »

What does neurocysticercosis mean?

Query: Hi doctor, I would like to have an opinion about my brother's recent medical condition. He has been diagnosed with neurocysticercosis. Please explain.  Read Full »

Dr. Muhammad Majid Hanif

Answer: Hi, Welcome to I feel sorry for your brother's recent disease. Neurocysticercosis is a parasitic disease and is actually the most common of the parasitic brain diseases. It is caused by Tenia solium, a tapeworm that is found in pigs. It damages the cerebral cortex at first and...  Read Full »

Due to some neurological disease, my brother could not open his eyes. What to do?

Query: Hello doctor, My younger brother is 18 years old. He was very healthy. He was attacked by neurological disease now. Currently, he is getting treatment, and his current situation is stable. He can walk, eat, and talk but he cannot open his eyelids nor he can see things even we open his eyelids forci...  Read Full »

Dr. Aida Abaz Quka

Answer: Hello, Welcome to I read your uploaded reports. (attachment removed to protect patient identity). I would explain that they indicate a brain infection, coupled with small strokes, probably related to the infection. For this reason, the main thing to do is to diagnose and treat th...  Read Full »

I am having severe headaches even after the fever subsided. What can be the cause?

Query: Hi doctor, I have been suffering from headaches for the past two weeks, which were not continuous. I had a fever for two weeks, and I took tablet Paracetamol three times a day for three days, and only then did the headache start. Four days after the fever subsided, I again took a tablet Paracetamol ...  Read Full »

Dr. Florilyn Joyce Chulsi Bentrez

Answer: Hello, Welcome to I read your query and can understand your concern. Supposedly, a benign headache will go away on its own. So, I suggest taking tablet Norgesic (Orphenadrine Citrate, Aspirin, and Caffeine) for headaches. However, if the headache progresses or worsens for more than tw...  Read Full »

Could you please tell me what is the lesion in my clivus from MRI reports?

Query: Hi doctor,Could you tell me what is the lesion in my clivus or the spot near my cerebellum? My current symptoms are pain, instability, confusion, difficulty in concentrating, thinking and personality changes. I do not know if there is a relation with the lesion in the clivus, or the borrelia infecti...  Read Full »

Dr. Nene Devavrat Harihar

Answer: Hello, Welcome to I went through the reports (attachment removed to protect patient identity). Chronic neuroborreliosis can present with an intracranial space-occupying lesion that mimics tumors. This also looks like a chronic borrelial lesion to me, provided serology is positive for Bo...  Read Full »

My 7-year-old has headaches and lightheadedness when he bends over. What should I do?

Query: Hello doctor,My 7 year old has a temperature of no greater than 102 for three days, reduced by Tylenol. His symptoms are headaches, and lightheadedness when he bends over. He is drinking, but not eating much. There is no stomach ache or stiff neck.  Read Full »

Dr. Preeti Puranik

Answer: Hello, Welcome to It can be a viral fever which generally recovers in five to seven days. But, headaches and light headedness are symptoms that can indicate either a brain infection or a viral fever. To identify the cause, he needs to be examined by a pediatrician. You can continue Ty...  Read Full »

I have read that tooth infection can spread to the brain. Is it true?

Query: Hi doctor, I have had some pain and sensitivity in the upper right back tooth for a while now. I am not sure when it started. I did not think much of it until a few days ago when my gums right around those teeth got very inflamed and tender. It looked like there were two black spots on the gums, whi...  Read Full »

Dr. Honey Nandwani

Answer: Hi, Welcome to Thanks for the query. First of all, do not worry, as infections reaching brain from tooth infection is very rare, and you need not to worry about it at all. It can an infected lymph node. Consult your dentist and get evaluated. He can take an x-ray of your tooth. You ca...  Read Full »

My baby became floppy after treatment of jaundice. What is the reason?

Query: Hi doctor,My baby is 1 month and 15 days old. It was detected that he has jaundice after the fourth day of life, bilirubin was at 22 %. An EBT was immediately recommended which was successful. He was discharged after nine days, but two weeks later, he suddenly became floppy. Please tell me what can ...  Read Full »

Dr. Y. Siva Roja

Answer: Hello, Welcome to I have thoroughly reviewed your query. Baby being floppy can be due to various causes ranging from cerebral palsy, muscle disorders, infections affecting the brain, brain damage due to low oxygen and even brain damage due to jaundice may also cause floppy baby. Brai...  Read Full »

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