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The surgical treatment for the diseases of the gastrointestinal (digestive) tract and organs involved in digestion is called gastrointestinal surgery. These organs include the esophagus, small intestine, large intestine, liver, gallbladder, pancreas, and rectum. Through a series of tests, a gastroenterologist will decide if you need medical or surgical treatment. The gastroenterologist will not perform these surgeries but will refer you to a surgeon.
The gastrointestinal conditions that might require surgical intervention are appendicitis, colon or other cancer, diverticulitis, gallbladder stones, hernia, Crohn’s disease, ulcerative colitis, rectal prolapse, Barret’s esophagus, etc. Surgery may be necessary to remove any growth or damaged part of the digestive tract or to diagnose any problem. Bariatric surgery is done to treat obesity, which is achieved by surgically reducing the size of the stomach.
These surgeries are carried out either as open surgery or laparoscopic surgery. In open surgery, the surgeon opens up the body part with a single large cut. In laparoscopic surgery, the surgeon makes few small cuts and inserts a camera in one cut and surgical instruments through others. As the cuts are smaller in laparoscopic surgery, it heals faster than the large cut of open surgery.
If you are suffering from any gastrointestinal symptoms like blood in stools, abdominal pain, heartburn, vomiting, unexplained weight loss, etc., consult a gastroenterologist at the earliest.
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