Colonoscopy

A colonoscopy is a diagnostic test used to see abnormalities and changes in the large intestine and rectum. During this examination, a long flexible tube with a camera attached at its end (colonoscope) is inserted into the patient's rectum, and the doctor visualizes the entire colon. If needed, a polyp can be removed, and tissues can be collected for biopsy.

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All the answers published in this website are written by Verified medical doctors, therapists and health experts. The Content has been moderated by iCliniq medical review team before publication. Post your medical clarifications on iCliniq by choosing the right specialty and get them answered. Your medical queries will be answered 24/7 by top doctors from iCliniq.

How to diagnose the cause of shortness of breath and extreme fatigue?

Query: Hi doctor, My mom, who is 76 years old, has a transferrin saturation level of 17. She has been scheduled for iron infusion therapy. She feels extremely tired, short of breath, and has arthritic pain. She cannot tolerate oral iron. She has had iron infusions before but does not last long. What to do...  Read Full »


Dr. Sadaf Mustafa

Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. I am trying to understand whether she has iron deficiency anemia or anemia of chronic disease, or myelodysplastic syndrome. Did she ever get a bone marrow biopsy or hemoglobin electrophoresis? Can you share her latest complete blood count (CBC) before and after ...  Read Full »

Side Effects of Doxycycline, Which I Took for UTI

Query: Hello doctor, I have been sick with side effects from Doxycycline for two weeks. I had a UTI which has cleared. I have been to the doctor twice, they checked my urine, and there is no infection. I feel tired, have chills, I feel cold, have a back and joint pain. I do not have a fever. I have read t...  Read Full »


Dr. Sadaf Mustafa

Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. I understand that you had a urine test, but there are different types of urine test like a dipstick, which is done at the office, a complete analysis, which is done in the laboratory and a urine culture. I am more interested in the last two. With all du...  Read Full »

What is the best treatment for stage 3 colorectal cancer?

Query: Hello doctor, I have attached the CT report of my mother. Could you please verify the reports and suggest the best treatment for her? Thanks.  Read Full »


Dr. Ajeet Kumar Lohana

Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. I understand that you must be very upset while seeing these reports. The CT (computed tomography) scan findings are raising the possibility of colorectal cancer, although it needs to be proven in the biopsy (attachments removed to protect the patient’s i...  Read Full »

Can frequent bowel issues and low Hb be signs of bowel cancer?

Query: Hello doctor, I am a 30 year old male. My height is 5 feet and 7 inches, and I weigh about 87 kg. For the past 4 to 5 years, I am suffering from indigestion. This got more serious in the recent years. It used to occur three to four times every week, especially after lunch. I sought medical help an...  Read Full »


Dr. Arvind Guru

Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. From your description, you are most likely having NAFLD (Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease). It is caused by an increased fat and carbohydrate intake leading to a fatty liver. Over a long time, like 20 years, it can lead to liver failure and cancer of the liver. You al...  Read Full »

Every day, I feel to have incomplete defecation. What is the cause?

Query: Hi doctor,I am a 22 year old male, and I have an unusual problem of bowel movements. Every morning, I feel I have incomplete motion. I cannot say it is constipation, but the stool does not come out completely. Even after defecating, I still have an urge to defecate more. Then after taking breakf...  Read Full »


Dr. Jeremy David O'kennedy

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. Thank you for your question. The feeling of an incomplete bowel movement that you describe is called tenesmus in medicine. Tenesmus, as well as urgency, has quite a few possible causes, but by far the most common is the irritable and inflammatory bowel syndromes. Irritab...  Read Full »

Why do I have a crampy stomach and belching even when scope tests remain clear?

Query: Hi doctor,I am in my early 60s. For the last three months, after dinner, I feel indigestion for 2 hours and have a crampy stomach with lots of belchings. Because of this, I am not on regular food. Earlier, I had a few issues, but that was manageable and not so intense. Now, even when not taking food...  Read Full »


Dr. Happykumar Kagathara

Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. I can understand your concern for your symptoms. Having normal endoscopy reports does not eliminate other small intestine related causes for indigestion. Constipation itself cause heartburn and belching related to incomplete evacuation due to slow intestinal movement. ...  Read Full »

Why do I have constipation and diarrhea alternatively?

Query: Hello doctor, I had diarrhea two years back, and since then I had gastrointestinal problems. But, I never had mucous or blood in the stools, so I thought it is because of IBS and did not take any medication. My stool test reports showed no signs of parasites or any other organisms in the stools. Lat...  Read Full »


Dr. Arvind Guru

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. Thanks a lot for the detailed description of your problem. I think you have the following issues. The blood in stools that you are describing appears to originate from some disease in your rectum or sigmoid part of your large intestine. Few drops of painless blood in sto...  Read Full »

Even after taking medications, there is no relief from my gas problem. Why?

Query: Hi doctor, I am facing extreme gas problem almost continuously from the last few months. I feel constant uneasiness, bloated feeling, and slight pain sometimes. I have taken a few symptomatic medicine and a few ayurvedic tablets like Liv-52 and Triphala, but no relief at all. Please advice.  Read Full »


Dr. Happykumar Kagathara

Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. I can understand your concern for your symptoms. Your symptoms are consistent with indigestion. Indigestion might be due to many reasons such as severe acidity, abnormal intestine movement, constipation, etc. Liv-52 has no role in indigestion problem. You should stop i...  Read Full »

Are thirteen colon polyps considered a lot?

Query: Hi doctor, Three months ago, I noticed blood in my stool two times and did a colonoscopy two days back. In a colonoscopy, 13 polyps were evident. I wanted to know the following. 1) I asked the doctor if this could be cancer, and he replied it might be pre-cancer. What does that mean? 2) In 13 pol...  Read Full »


Dr. Arvind Guru

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. Question (1) and (3) and (4): Cancers have the appearance of an ulcerated, large mass infiltrating into the wall of the intestine. By the term pre-cancer, he probably meant that it did not have the features mentioned above and instead were smooth-surfaced polyps withou...  Read Full »

Does diverticulitis increase the risk of colon cancer?

Query: Hello doctor, I have been having lower left pelvic pain, so I got a CT scan of the abdomen done. I was diagnosed with mild diverticulitis and diverticulosis. The doctor gave me Flagyl and Cipro. Is it serious? Can this lead to colon cancer? I am very scared. How can you tell that it is diverticuliti...  Read Full »


Dr. Sagar Ramesh Makode

Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. Do not worry, diverticulosis is a common condition, and most patients remain asymptomatic or have mild symptoms. The risk associated with this condition are diverticulitis, which is an infection of the diverticulum pouches, and risk of bleeding. Approximately 75 to 80...  Read Full »

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