Cancer

Cancer is a broad term used to group a number of diseases together which are characterized by the abnormal and uncontrolled proliferation of cells to the extent that they start to invade upon neighboring structures and organs.

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All the answers published in this website are written by Verified medical doctors, therapists and health experts. The Content has been moderated by iCliniq medical review team before publication. Post your medical clarifications on iCliniq by choosing the right specialty and get them answered. Your medical queries will be answered 24/7 by top doctors from iCliniq.

Can mixed spongiform thyroid nodules be malignant ?

Query: Hello doctor, I am a female, 32 years old. I do not understand what my ultrasound report means. My gynecologist and PCP both felt a large mass on the right side of thyroid and told me that they have to refer me out and I need another biopsy. The last biopsy was a year back and it was benign. It was ...  Read Full »


Dr. Shaikh Sadaf

Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. I just read your query and from what you have mentioned it appears that you have a thyroid nodule. According to the guidelines, if the nodule is more than 75 % of spongiform appearance, then they are benign and if less than 75% then there is a chance of malignancy whic...  Read Full »

What is the prognosis of recurrent squamous cell carcinoma?

Query: Hi doctor, My father has been a patient of recurrent local squamous cell carcinoma. In the last one and half years, he has been operated for cystoprostatectomy and urethrectomy with an ileal conduit for urine bypass followed by lymphonodectomy. After all these surgeries, he had a recurrence seven mo...  Read Full »


Dr. Arvind Guru

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. I have reviewed the information and the biopsy report (attachment removed to protect patient identity). Please understand that this pathological report is incomplete, so it is difficult to advise you the further course of therapy. In fact, further therapy will depend on...  Read Full »

Is chemotherapy a good treatment option for cancer in elderly?

Query: Hello doctor, My aunt, around 70 years old with a history of asthma, underwent gallbladder surgery two years ago. After the surgery, she was diagnosed with cancer. They consulted a doctor, and he advised chemotherapy as a treatment option. But her family members refused to proceed with the treatment...  Read Full »


Dr. Pawar Satyajit Jalinder

Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. I have reviewed your query and the reports you provided (attachments removed to protect the patient’s identity). Before answering your questions, I would like to point out the inconsistency in the reports, and I would like to get them re-checked. The first abdomen ...  Read Full »

I have a purple thing on my anus. Could it be hemorrhoid or cancer?

Query: Hi doctor, I have attached a few pictures. Could you suggest to me what could be this purple thing on my anus? I started using Faktu ointment (1 gm of ointment contains 50 mg of Policresulen and 10 mg of Cinchocaine Hydrochloride). Is this hemorrhoid or cancer?  Read Full »


Dr. J. N. Naidu

Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. It appears to be a small blood clot; possibly, there may be internal hemorrhoids (attachments removed to protect the patient's identity).   Read Full »

My mother is diagnosed with 2A breast cancer. What would be the treatment and the expected recovery time?

Query: Hello doctor, My mother is in her late forties and has been diagnosed with stage 2A breast cancer. I would like to know an appropriate course of treatment to educate myself to help my mother and also want to know how much it would cost for the same with the best evaluated time for recovery? Kindly h...  Read Full »


Dr. Rajesh Gulati

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. I read your query and understand your concern. The treatment will involve surgery and chemotherapy. In some cases, it might also require radiation therapy, hormonal therapy, and targeted therapy, depending on the ER (estrogen receptor), PR (partial response), and the ne...  Read Full »

Are stings, breast lump, bruising, and hair fall signs of cancer?

Query: Hi doctor, I am an 18 year old girl. I am feeling stings in my upper body for quite some time. The stings are sometimes in my chest and sometimes in my lower abdomen. They last for nearly 40 seconds, but are occasional. And there is a lump in my right breast. It is a solid lump and it does not ca...  Read Full »


Dr. Naresh Kumar Monigari

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. First calm down and be relaxed. By stings I understand sting like sensation that lasts for 40 seconds. I need more details on that. Do they occur more when you are tensed? Because, it is rare. Second problem you said was that you have a lump in the breast, which i...  Read Full »

What can be done to treat my grandfather's recurrent well-differentiated form of throat cancer?

Query: Hello doctor, I want to know how serious is my grandfather's cancer. I do not have a lot of details, and I am away from home. He had throat cancer 15 years back. Now from the past two months, he was having breathing problems and extreme weakness, so the doctors did a tracheotomy to help with it. Now...  Read Full »


Dr. Sadaf Mustafa

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. Squamous cell carcinoma itself has a better prognosis. It also depends upon the stage of cancer. Given the fact that he has a well-differentiated form of squamous cell carcinoma, his prognosis is relatively fair. It would be very helpful if you can provide more informatio...  Read Full »

My 49-year-old aunt refuses treatment for stage II stomach cancer. What should I do?

Query: Hi, My 49-year-old aunt was taken to the ER last year as she was having severe abdominal pain, after which she was diagnosed with stage II stomach cancer. Unfortunately, she did not have any other symptoms apart from abdominal pain, so she is not willing to take any treatment for this. Do you think ...  Read Full »


Dr. J. N. Naidu

Answer: Hi,Welcome to icliniq.com.I read your query and understand your concern.The problem with cancers is that there are few symptoms, especially in the early stages. So the rule is to detect cancer early, treat it appropriately, and save a life.You can take a second opinion, but the second opinion may no...  Read Full »

I have a high vitamin B12 value and a family history of the JAK2 mutation, blood disorders, and cancer. Kindly help.

Query: Hello doctor, I am a 54-year-old female. My vitamin B12 was 2000 this week. I do not take any supplements. I also have hypopituitarism, and I do not know if it is related. I have a strong genetic predisposition to develop JAK2 (Janus kinase) and blood disorders. I have lost five pounds in three week...  Read Full »


Dr. Singh Smrita

Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. Increased vitamin B12 levels in the absence of supplementation can be seen in liver disease and myeloproliferative disorders like polycythemia vera. I suggest you have liver function tests and a hemogram done initially. If your liver function tests are normal and your ...  Read Full »

Could there be something wrong with my 40-year-old mother if she looks pale, dizzy, and does not eat?

Query: Hello doctor, My 40 year old mother is suffering from an unknown disease from the last three months. It may be chronic because she is not feeling well at all. She feels exhausted, dizzy and her digestion is poor. She looks very pale. Her USG report is attached herewith for your reference. Please su...  Read Full »


Dr. Arvind Guru

Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. I have reviewed your attached report (attachment removed to protect patient identity). The report is suggestive of very bad news. I suggest you sit down somewhere before you read the following. The report is suggestive of cancer of the pancreas. It is a very deadly dis...  Read Full »

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