Cervical Cancer

Cervical cancer is a type of cancer that occurs in the cervix, that is the lower end of the uterus, which connects the uterus and the vagina. This cancer is associated with HPV (Human Papilloma Virus) infection. Earlier stages of cervical cancer go undetected, as it generally does not produce any symptoms. In the later stages, it causes abnormal vaginal bleeding, pain during sex, and watery and foul-smelling vaginal discharge.

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To identify the stage of cancer, is a PET scan necessary?

Query: Hi doctor, My query is regarding my relative who is suffering from carcinoma of cervix. I would kindly request you to advise us regarding the stage of cancer based on the biopsy, MRI and CT scan report which I have attached here for your reference. In her MRI report, there is a feature suggestive of...  Read Full »


Dr. Muhammad M. Hanif Md.

Cardiologist, Criticalcare Physician, General Medicine Physician, Internal Medicine Physician

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. I would like to assure you that everything is going to be fine soon. I have thoroughly gone through your case and the reports (attachment removed to protect patient identity) and can well understand your genuine concerns.  Read Full »

I am nearing menopause and periods have become irregular. How to manage?

Query: Hi doctor, I am 48 years old. I have been experiencing irregular periods, which I realize as normal as I am entering menopause age. Last month, I did not get my period. But, this month it has been a heavy and lengthy one for more than 17 days now. I felt the normal fatigue and today, I have been fe...  Read Full »


Dr. Jimesh H Mavani

General Practitioner, Obstetrician And Gynaecologist

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. If you have bleeding and you have to change two to three pads per day, then you do not have to do anything for bleeding on urgent basis. At 48 years of age, if you are bleeding heavily, then better get an appointment and check your cervix and the other things. If requ...  Read Full »

My doctor suggested pap smear for irregular period. Should I worry about cancer?

Query: Hello doctor,I am 24 years old. For the past two years, I have been having an irregular period cycle. My doctor recently suggested me to get my exam Pap smear. I have gained 60 pounds in the last three years. When I was younger, I had the HPV shots. I am nervous about the pap smear and having an irr...  Read Full »


Dr. Purushottam Sah

Obstetrician And Gynaecologist, Sexologist, Andrologist, Infertility Specialist

Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. You should not be afraid of pap smear, having pap smear test does not mean cancer it is only a routine check-up. Your irregular cycles may be due to the hormonal problem, and there is no relation with cancer. You should do an ultrasound test of the pelvis and blood t...  Read Full »

Will there be any cure for HPV in the near future?

Query: Hello doctor, How common is HPV in our country?  Read Full »


Dr. Muhammad M. Hanif Md.

Cardiologist, Criticalcare Physician, General Medicine Physician, Internal Medicine Physician

Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. Cervical cancer is the name of the disease caused by HPV (human papillomavirus) and this is leading cancer in women of our country and the second most common cancer worldwide. This means its frequency is very high here. The women at risk are 15 years of age and above....  Read Full »

Pap smear shows presence of endocervical and squamous cells. What does it mean?

Query: Hello doctor, I got a Pap done last week and I got the results back today. It says I am negative for an intraepithelial lesion of malignancy (NIL). And under specimen adequacy, it says satisfactory for evaluation. Endocervical and/or squamous cells (endocervical component) are present. What does th...  Read Full »


Dr. Eeshani Dutta

Obstetrician And Gynaecologist

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. Pap smear is a cervical cancer screening tool for gynecologists. Firstly, whenever a sample is observed under the microscope, the pathologist has to comment on the adequacy of the sample. Your cervix has ectocervix (containing squamous, flat cells), and an endocervix (c...  Read Full »

Why do I get pain and bleeding after sex with pap smear showing CIN3?

Query: Hello doctor, I have a history of back pain and pain during intercourse as well as bleeding after. My pap smear came back CIN3. What can I expect?  Read Full »


Dr. Dattaprasad Balasaheb Inamdar

Infertility Specialist, Obstetrician And Gynaecologist

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. It depends on practices prevalent in your country and the prevalence of cervical cancer in your locality. Normally we would do colposcopic directed cervical biopsies to rule out cervical cancer and act according to the report of biopsy. Some doctors may prefer removing ut...  Read Full »

Is Laparoscopic hysterectomy test necessary for uterine fibroid?

Query: Hi doctor, My spouse aged 47 years has been advised laparoscopic hysterectomy as a fibroid of 80 x 70 mm is observed in USG of the uterus. She is having irregular periods from the last 9 to 10 months. Her hemoglobin has reduced to 9.5 g/dL. Is this a sufficient and strong ground for a hysterectomy...  Read Full »


Dr. Sagar Ramesh Makode

Cardiologist, General Medicine Physician, Internal Medicine Physician, Family Physician, General Practitioner

Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. Yes, this is sufficient ground for hysterectomy, and I think you should go ahead. Since she has a symptomatic fibroid, she will need definitive treatment. There are medicines available, but they are not very effective. They may just keep symptoms under control, and ...  Read Full »

Can uterine or cervical cancer delay my periods?

Query: Hi doctor, My period is always regular with an interval of 28 days. I never missed my period before. Now, I am late for five days. Today, I had a little light pink faint discharge when I wipe. I have taken 4 pregnancy tests and all were negative. When I referred online, it says ovarian cancer. I ha...  Read Full »


Dr. Naresh Kumar Monigari

General Medicine Physician, Internal Medicine Physician

Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. I had gone through all the data posted. Do not get worried much as you told your periods were always regular. Just with five days late of periods, it does not mean that you have cancer. You said there was light pinkish discharge, so which could be spotted and may b...  Read Full »

Does high CA-125 confirm that I have cancer?

Query: Hello doctor, I have a history of inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor detected at the age of 11 years, which was around 12 years back and had undergone an operation for the same. Currently, my CA-125 in serum is 125.37 U/ml. The ultrasound scan revealed large multiloculated well-defined bilateral adn...  Read Full »


Dr. Raghu

General Surgeon, Surgical Oncologist

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. Based on your reports, there seem to be ovarian tumors on both sides. The type of tumor, either benign or malignant, can be revealed only after removal. It may be unrelated to your previous tumor. The value of CA-125 though raised does not indicate malignancy. It is mar...  Read Full »

I have postmenopausal vaginal discharge. Should I opt for a hysterectomy?

Query: Hi doctor, I am a 52 year old female, who weighs 75 kg and I am 152 cm tall. I want to know whether we should opt for hysterectomy or not. I do not want to do a hysterectomy, as it may interfere with hormonal balance later. I have postmenopausal vaginal discharge, with a fair amount of red spots. W...  Read Full »


Dr. Sanjay Kumar Bhattacharyya

Obstetrician And Gynaecologist

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. I have reviewed the reports (attachment removed to protect patient identity). According to the reports, there is an increased thickening of the endometrium, which is the inner lining of the uterus. A thickness of more than 5 mm is considered abnormal and often consider...  Read Full »

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