HIV or human immunodeficiency virus is a virus that is sexually transmitted and affects the body's ability to fight infections. It is a lifelong condition that progresses to a more severe form known as AIDS in the long run.

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Can HIV get transmitted through small cuts at the base of the penis?

Query: Hello doctor,I have had a sexual encounter (risky one) in which I wore a condom. At the base of the penis, I had three small cuts, which I sustained during shaving 5-6 hours before the encounter. The cuts were very small and not bleeding (bled a little bit when I sustained them, and two days later, ...  Read Full »

Dr. Bharatesh Devendra Basti

Community Medicine Physician, Dermatologist, HIV AIDS Specialist, Preventive Medicine Physician, Venereologist

Answer: Hello, Welcome to The chances of transmission of HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) by protected intercourse with an HIV-positive person is almost nil if used in the right manner. Here if there is an open or bleeding wound that has likely come in contact with infected fluid, there is ...  Read Full »

What further investigations should I do for HIV?

Query: Hello doctor,I want to present my case to you. Three years ago, I had a relationship with a person, after one year, I started to have symptoms. I did seven HIV tests in the last six months, and all were negative. However, I still have the following symptoms: sinusitis, swollen and painful lymph node...  Read Full »

Dr. Atishay Bukharia

Cosmetologist, Dermatologist, Family Physician, General Practitioner, HIV AIDS Specialist, Venereologist

Answer: Hello, Welcome to Can you please tell me the name of the test you underwent? I am looking forward to your response in order to help you.  Read Full »

What can I do if I have been exposed to HIV?

Query: Hi doctor, I had a high-risk encounter on Friday night with a sex worker. We used a condom, and she wiped our contact areas with an antibacterial wipe, a separate one for her and me, and we had sex. I came in the condom, and she used a fresh wipe to remove the condom. On Saturday morning, I noticed...  Read Full »

Dr. Bharatesh Devendra Basti

Community Medicine Physician, Dermatologist, HIV AIDS Specialist, Preventive Medicine Physician, Venereologist

Answer: Hi, Welcome to Thank you for the query. It appears to be due to friction or irritation. Clean the area with warm water twice daily. You can apply a topical antibiotic cream. The chances of HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) are very low. As a baseline, you can go for STD (sexually tra...  Read Full »

Please mention the exact window period for HIV.

Query: Hello doctor,Before 16 years, I had lots of high-risk exposures. Before seven years, I started having lots of various symptoms that I have to this day. At that time, I ceased my activities and got tested. All STDs tests were negative, but I continued to have symptoms. I can say that I have had many...  Read Full »

Dr. Rakesh Kumar Bahunuthula

Cosmetologist, Dermatologist, HIV AIDS Specialist, Venereologist

Answer: Hi, Welcome to HIV infection has a window period of one to three months during which the tests can be a false negative. According to WHO (World Health Organization), all tests for HIV are considered conclusive at 12 weeks after the last high-risk exposure. For syphilis, the window peri...  Read Full »

Is HIV RNA PCR quantitative test conclusive at 69 days?

Query: Hi doctor,I have done an antibody test for HIV1 and 2 after 63 days of exposure. I have done some rapid screening tests. It showed me a negative result. Then I did HIV RNA PCR quantitative test at 69 days. It also showed me a negative result. I read that PCR is very sensitive and conclusive. Is it t...  Read Full »

Dr. Ramchandra Lamba

Psychiatrist, Sexologist, Psychologist Counsellor

Answer: Hi, Welcome to As the result was negative at 69 days, you are free from HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) infection and you do not need to repeat the test. PCR (polymerase chain reaction) tests should not be used routinely. An antigen-antibody test can detect all cases taken afte...  Read Full »

Why do I have trouble walking and feel extreme tightness in my lower abdomen or pelvis after masturbation?

Query: Hello doctor, I am a 37-year-old male, and I am at the end of the line with chronic pain. Over the last approximately 12 to 14 months, I have increasingly quite high levels of pain and aching after masturbation or sex. Originally it started in my testicles, just feeling an ache, especially if it was...  Read Full »

Dr. Samer S J Altawil


Answer: Hi, Welcome to Thanks for consulting. Inflammation of testis or orchalgia is one of the most painful conditions. This inflammation can be chronic and difficult to treat. The ultrasound showed inflammation, and I believe we should act on it. I know masturbating is painful, but we bett...  Read Full »

Can I still have HIV even after my p24 antigen test CMIA being non-reactive after 118 days?

Query: Hi doctor,I had unprotected intercourse with a CSW a few months back. And I went for an HIV 1 and 2 antibody and p24 antigen test CMIA, which was non-reactive after 118 days, so am I free from HIV? This is so stressful. I am not getting any symptoms, but there is a black line under my thumb that app...  Read Full »

Dr. Bharatesh Devendra Basti

Community Medicine Physician, Dermatologist, HIV AIDS Specialist, Preventive Medicine Physician, Venereologist

Answer: Hi, Welcome to Thank you for the query. The HIV antibodies test is negative after 118 days of exposure. It is conclusive. You are free from HIV provided there is no further risk exposure. The lines in the photo (attachments removed to protect the patient's identity) sent is unlike...  Read Full »

I have anxiety due to HIV even after getting negative results for it. How to manage it?

Query: Hi doctor,I had a high-risk exposure two years back. I tested HIV using HIV PCR qualitative and I got a negative result. I tested it again after three months, six months, and fourteen months. All the results showed me a negative result. Still, I am worried about HIV. I am married and I have fear of ...  Read Full »

Dr. Jyotisterna Mittal

Dermatologist, Venereologist, HIV AIDS Specialist, Cosmetologist, Family Physician, General Practitioner

Answer: Hi, Welcome to Do not be worried as you have a negative result for HIV. Kindly send me the reports. You have confusion and anxiety due to continuous searching of symptoms due to HIV (human immunodeficiency virus). It causes extreme worries. Kindly avoid it.   Read Full »

When should I be concerned about my enlarged lymph nodes?

Query: Hello doctor, My lymph nodes are hard and enlarged. I can move them and can pull them. Some of them are about the same diameter as my thumb. I had two even larger ones removed (benign) when I was 16, and I am HIV positive. HIV positive is a risk factor for lymphoma. I do not have pain. Should I be...  Read Full »

Dr. Mohammad Emranul Islam

Dentist, Oral And Maxillofacial Surgery

Answer: Hello, Welcome to I am sorry for the problems you have. Lymph nodes are distributed elsewhere in the body. They are some castles of white cells or defense cells. When there is an exposure to germs, or there is an infection, the lymph nodes start working and get enlarged in response. ...  Read Full »

Does HIV transmit through oral sex with multiple partners?

Query: Hi doctor, Before a month, I had oral sex with a woman. The woman told me that she does not have any STIs. After a week, I got tested for HIV and it was negative. After that, I started to have ear pain and throat pain. I had a positive result for COVID-19. But now, I have bad pain in my jaw and thr...  Read Full »

Dr. Sushma Shah

HIV AIDS Specialist

Answer: Hi, Welcome to It is not good to have multiple partners. There is a reduced chance for you to have HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) through oral sex. You have not mentioned whether you have done protected sex or unprotected sex. You can have a seasonal sore throat. You have a least ...  Read Full »

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