HIV or human immunodeficiency virus is a virus that is sexually transmitted and affects the body's ability to fight infections. It is a lifelong condition that progresses to a more severe form known as AIDS in the long run.

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I regularly consume alcohol. What is the recommended HIV screening test for me?

Query: Hi doctor, I have read that drinking alcohol affects the HIV test results. Does increased alcohol intake delay seroconversion time? If so, then how long one should wait? Three or six months? For such cases, can we take HIV DNA PCR as a screening test? Whether this test is also affected by much more ...  Read Full »

Dr. Ravinder Kaur Sachdeva

Answer: Hi, Welcome to The answers to your queries are: It is unlikely for a test result to be affected by alcohol intake. It will not have any effect. There is no need to wait to get the test. Recommendations are to get tested at four weeks by HIV antibody test and if the result is negativ...  Read Full »

Do the HIV antibodies once formed persist for life?

Query: Hello doctor,Do the HIV antibodies once formed persist for life? To be more precise, if once created, can we see HIV antibodies inside blood forever? And also, no matter how many times the exposure happens, does the blood test pick up the first infection, or does the blood test only go for the recen...  Read Full »

Dr. Kaushal Bhavsar

Answer: Hi, Welcome to I can understand your concern. HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) antibodies are seen only when the patient has an HIV infection. And HIV infection is not curable. So you can say HIV antibodies are lifelong, like HIV. Blood tests detect either HIV-1, HIV-2 virus, or...  Read Full »

My partner is HIV positive, and we had sex a few days back. Should I begin with PEP medications?

Query: Hello doctor, My partner turned HIV positive when he was tested five months ago. I tested previously, and it was negative. My partner and I decided not to have intercourse till my reports came in. However, last night we had quick intercourse wearing a condom. It was the correct way and for less tha...  Read Full »

Dr. Bharatesh Devendra Basti

Answer: Hello, Welcome to Thanks for writing in, and I understand your concern. The chances of transmission of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) by single protected intercourse with an HIV-positive person are almost nil. If there is no contact of blood or semen or infected secretions...  Read Full »

Is the ELISA test challenging to perform?

Query: Hi doctor, Before 16 years, I had two high-risk exposure with sex workers, and the risk was condom break in both situations. After three months from my last exposure, I did an ELISA test for HIV 1 and 2. It came back negative. Again, after one year, I made the same mistake of condom break with a se...  Read Full »

Dr. Atishay Bukharia

Answer: Hi, Welcome to ELISA (enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay) is very easy to perform and has a sensitivity of around 99%, which means out of 100 HIV-positive persons, it will come positive in 99 of them. One person may come negative despite him being HIV positive. So, at first insta...  Read Full »

Will HIV test be negative while on ART?

Query: Hi doctor, I am under ART for HIV. If I test for HIV now, will it be negative since I am under treatment?  Read Full »

Dr. Sidharth Sonthalia

Answer: Hello, Welcome to Despite the currently available antiretroviral therapy (ART), your HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) detection tests like ELISA (enzyme-linked immunoassay) and western blot are not expected to become negative. There is no medically confirmed, published, or acknowled...  Read Full »

My CD8 cells count is high. Am I HIV positive?

Query: Hi doctor, I had my CD4 and CD8 profile ratio. I have noted my result as CD4-1350 cells/mm3 of blood (31.4%), CD8-1746 cells/mm3 of blood (40.6%) (High). The ratio is 0.77, which suggests it is low, ABS Lymphs - 4.3 lymphocytes/µL of blood (High). And all other CBC profiles are in the normal ...  Read Full »

Dr. Bharatesh Devendra Basti

Answer: Hi, Welcome to Thank you for the query. I understand your concern. As per the details given, CD4 (cluster of differentiation 4) counts have not decreased. CD8 (cluster of differentiation 8) and absolute lymphocytes count is elevated. This can be due to infections, medical conditions, a...  Read Full »

Is testing for HIV after 77 days with a rapid test card conclusive?

Query: Hello doctor,I had a protected intercourse with a girl twice in a single day. After that, the girl and I tested HIV negative using the fourth generation CMIA at 66 days. I again tested at 77 days using the rapid card method and that was negative as well. Is it conclusive? Also, can deep lip kissing ...  Read Full »

Dr. Richa Agarwal

Answer: Hello, Welcome to I have read your query and understand your concern. Yes, the test is conclusive. Deep lip kissing transmits HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) through the saliva. Feel free to ask more information. Good luck. Regards. For further queries consult an obstetrician and g...  Read Full »

I was exposed to HIV before eight months. Can you interpret my recent blood test reports?

Query: Hello doctor, I was exposed to HIV before eight months. Would you please help me interpret the results of my recent blood check-up?  Read Full »

Dr. Utkarsh Sharma

Answer: Hello, Welcome to I can understand your concern and will help you with it. I have carefully assessed the attached reports (attachment removed to protect the patient's identity). After going through the reports, I would like to mention the following: 1) Your blood has low HIV-1 (H...  Read Full »

I crushed the HIV rapid test cassette in my hand. Can it cause HIV?

Query: Hi doctor, I recently came to know that one of my friends is HIV positive. I never had any sexual contact with anyone, and I have never given or received blood from anyone. But out of fear, I ordered a fourth-generation HIV rapid test kit online and performed the test, and the result was negative. ...  Read Full »

Dr. Sugandh Garg

Answer: Hi, Welcome to There is nothing to worry about. I suggest washing the area thoroughly with soap and water. Maintain strict hygiene. There is no need to take the test again. All lab equipments have to be disposed of with utmost care and hygiene and be used using disposable gloves.  Read Full »

Could you please explain to me the HIV RNA PCR test report?

Query: Hello doctor, I have done the RNA PCR test (viral load test) done from a lab here. I am attaching the report. Kindly let me now the status of the report.  Read Full »

Dr. Sumit Srivastava

Answer: Hello, Welcome to I have gone through your report (attachment removed to protect patient identity). The report suggests that you have a negligible amount of hepatitis B viral load and the interpretation is negative. It means that you do not need medication for treatment. Only symptomati...  Read Full »

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