Sore Throat

The painful, scratchy, and dry feeling in the throat due to infection or inflammation is called a sore throat. Depending on the part of the throat affected the types are pharyngitis, tonsillitis, and laryngitis. Warm salt water gargle helps soothe a sore throat.

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What are these strange bumps on the back of my throat?

Query: Hi doctor, I am 38 years old female. I have had a chronic sore throat for a while now, and I have noticed a few strange lumps on the back of my throat. I am not sick. I just wanted to know what they could be? I had allergies, chronic sinusitis, and snoring due to deviated septum. I used to smoke ci...  Read Full »

Dr. B Vageesh Padiyar

ENT Otolaryngologist

Answer: Hi, Welcome to Thanks for providing a quick brief history. I had a detailed look at the picture you have sent as well. The small bumps you are mentioning are lymphoid follicles diffusely present in the throat and represent the first line of defense for the body. One of the larger aggr...  Read Full »

How long can I expect the white spots in my throat to last?

Query: Hi doctor, I have felt like there is something in the back of my throat when I swallow (it feels like a popcorn kernel) for the past few days. I saw white spots in my throat. I had white spots before when I had strep throat, but I never felt them when I swallow. I also have no other symptoms of str...  Read Full »

Dr. J N Naidu

Family Physician, General Practitioner

Answer: Hi, Welcome to Streptococcus infection of the throat is a bacterial infection. The spread of infection occurs by coughing, sneezing, sharing food, etc. It usually causes inflammation and pain in the throat. The severity of symptoms varies from person to person. Some people experience ...  Read Full »

I have fever and sore throat but not loss of smell and taste. Am I safe from COVID?

Query: Hi doctor, From yesterday I am having a sore throat and fever of 100. 9 degrees F. It is fluctuating between 100.4 to 100.9 degrees F. I am feeling a pricking sensation in my throat and a mild dry cough. I had drunk house water kept in the refrigerator for few days. I am also feeling a bit tired....  Read Full »

Dr. Sandhya

Family Physician, General Practitioner, Venereologist, Dermatologist

Answer: Hello, Welcome to Sore throat, dry cough, fever, and cold are common to both common cold and to COVID. Having said that, most COVID patients complain of loss of smell and taste. Since you are not having both the problems, you are relatively safe. I would like to assure you that you do...  Read Full »

Can allergy cause tonsil swelling and pain?

Query: Hi doctor,I have some trouble with my tonsils. I have tonsil stones frequently with snoring. For the past two months, I have a mild sore or scratchy throat. My left tonsil is swollen with pain. Sometimes the pain reaches my ear. My doctor did a swab test to check for infection but it came back clean...  Read Full »

Dr. Prathish Kumar

General Medicine Physician, Internal Medicine Physician

Answer: Hi, Welcome to I understand your concern. Tonsil enlargement can occur due to infection or as a part of some other disease. If your swab test is negative, we need to do other investigations to check for other possibilities. In the meantime, you can take tablets as given below. ...  Read Full »

Please help me get rid of sore throat, tonsil pain, and postnasal drip.

Query: Hi doctor, I am 47-year-old male suffering from acute sore throat, swelling, and ear heaviness for three weeks. In the first week, I took Cefixime for six days. Then I took Pulmocef 500 mg with Winolap and Dolonex for seven days. This week, I have a sore throat, tonsil pain, swelling in the throat,...  Read Full »

Dr. Shyam Kalyan N

Allergy Specialist, General Practitioner, ENT Otolaryngologist, Family Physician

Answer: Hi, Welcome to Please mention whether the throat pain is severe or tolerable. Please mention whether you have a fever, muscle pain, and weakness along with it. Please mention whether you feel better after taking a different course of antibiotics or do you feel the same. Please men...  Read Full »

Can gastric problems result in cough, sore throat, and headaches?

Query: Hi doctor,I have cough and sore throat for many years. Sometimes, I cough after waking up from sleep, and sometimes I have cough randomly. Sometimes, I have itchiness in my throat without pain. Suddenly, I have headaches starting from the back of my head until my shoulder. I have this headache often...  Read Full »

Dr. B Vageesh Padiyar

ENT Otolaryngologist

Answer: Hi, Welcome to You seem to have two possibilities. You can have chronic GERD (gastroesophageal reflux disease) with LPR (laryngopharyngeal reflux). Gastric acidic contents cause faulty reflux and this can be the reason for having a feeling of something stuck in your throat or itchy di...  Read Full »

Why do I have a sore throat and feel weak sometimes?

Query: Hi doctor, I feel weak with sore throat for the past two days. But I do not have fever and cough. Kindly suggest.   Read Full »

Dr. Mohammed Shah Alam

General Practitioner, Radiodiagnosis Physician

Answer: Hi, Welcome to If you have a sore throat and weakness without running nose, neck pain, and fever, then it is probably due to simple flu or bacterial infection. You do not need to think about COVID-19 (severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2). You can take Augmentin 625 mg thre...  Read Full »

Why is my sore throat not getting better for more than two weeks?

Query: Hi doctor, I am a 36-year-old male with a weight of 86 kilograms and a height of five feet eleven inches. I have a sore throat for more than two weeks. But I am taking antibiotics for seven days. I do not have any relief. I feel like something is stuck in my throat. I have a mild headache without f...  Read Full »

Dr. Bruce Hudkins

ENT Otolaryngologist

Answer: Hi, Welcome to If your condition gets worse with antibiotics, then you can have a likely cause of thrush. It is a yeast infection affecting the throat after taking antibiotics and steroid treatment. You can take Fluconazole 150 mg daily for ten days. You can also take Clindamycin ...  Read Full »

How to diagnose if an infection is viral or bacterial?

Query: Hello doctor, I had an IV treatment for fever.  I took four doses of Monocef 1 gm. My fever is gone, and I am feeling better. I still have a sore throat, and there is a lot of mucus generated. The mucus is transparent. How do I confirm that I have got a viral or bacterial infection? Since my fe...  Read Full »

Dr. Salah Saad Shoman

General Medicine Physician, Internal Medicine Physician

Answer: Hi, Welcome to The only way to differentiate between viral and bacterial infection is to take a sample of the mucus generated and to culture it in order to identify the causative organism. Your doctor must have anticipated that your infection as bacterial as you responded well to antibi...  Read Full »

What can cause sore throat with enlarged tonsils?

Query: Hello doctor, I have a mild sore throat for the past three to four days, and one of my tonsils is enlarged with white formations on it. I tested negative for strep throat today, and I am unsure if it is tonsillitis or tonsil cancer.  Read Full »

Dr. Shyam Kalyan N

Allergy Specialist, General Practitioner, ENT Otolaryngologist, Family Physician

Answer: Hello, Welcome to I have seen the picture (attachment removed to protect patient identity). You are suffering an acute attack of tonsillitis. The congestion is seen. One of the tonsils is indeed slightly larger than the other. Once the infection resolves, both will probably become simil...  Read Full »

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