If you have any irritant in your throat like dust, smoke, or fluid, a cough is the body's reflex action to clear the throat. A cough is the most frequent symptom of an infection in the upper and lower respiratory tract like bronchitis, asthma, COPD, common cold, flu, and emphysema. A cough can be dry (non-productive) or accompanied with sputum (productive).

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Do ACE inhibitors stimulate cough?

Query: Hi doctor, My mother had undergone an angioplasty three months before. Her vitals, like sugar level, blood pressure, and all are fine. But she has developed a cough which comes after a slight tickling sensation in her mouth area, and the cough is a kind of relief for her. We did take her to the ENT...  Read Full »

Dr. Muhammad Zohaib Siddiq

Cardiologist, General Practitioner

Answer: Hi, Welcome to If the cough has started after ACE (angiotensin-converting enzyme) inhibitor, I suggest she stop it and replace it with ARB (angiotensin receptor blockers) like Valsartan 80 mg at evening time. If the cough is chronic, then cause should be sought. Allergy, post-nasal dr...  Read Full »

Does fever increase the heart rate?

Query: Hi doctor, My father is 71 years old and is type 2 diabetic with a history of glaucoma, high blood pressure, and cholesterol. For two days, my father has a cough and a heart rate close to 100 bpm. However, all other parameters like BP, sugar level and oxygen seem normal. His postprandial glucose le...  Read Full »

Dr. Muhammad Zohaib Siddiq

Cardiologist, General Practitioner

Answer: Hi, Welcome to He is aged 71 years with multiple comorbidities, so his immunity is low. Currently, he has a fever and cough. Due to the fever, his heart rate is high. When fever subsides, the heart rate will go back to normal. There is no need to worry about the heart rate as it is no...  Read Full »

What are the long term effects of COVID-19 on the lungs?

Query: Hello doctor,I had COVID-19, and I would like for a pulmonologist to see my x-ray and tell me if I have some problems. Also, I would like to know which parts of my lungs are not good because of COVID.  Read Full »

Dr. Zubayeralam

Family Physician, General Medicine Physician, General Practitioner, Pulmonologist, Internal Medicine Physician

Answer: Hello, Welcome to I can understand your concern. According to your statement, you had a history of COVID-19 infection. According to your x-ray films that are provided here, it seems to be normal to me. Your x-ray film shows bilaterally vascular enlargement or vascular markings are pro...  Read Full »

Please suggest a treatment plan for high fever, cough, joint pain, and elevated liver enzymes.

Query: Hello doctor, My father is a 57-year-old male. For the past 12 days, he is suffering from high fever, cough, joint pain, fatigue, loss of appetite, and low platelet count. We tested him for viral, dengue, and typhoid fever. But all came out negative. Then our doctor recommended LFT (liver function ...  Read Full »

Dr. Penchala Prasad Kandikattu

General Medicine Physician, Internal Medicine Physician

Answer: Hello, Welcome to Do not worry. Any viral fever or hepatotoxic drugs may lead to elevation of liver enzymes. In few patients, it may be due to alcohol-induced liver injury or non-alcoholic steatohepatitis, etc. So until a proper examination is done, it is difficult to say what it is....  Read Full »

What precautions has to be taken when tested positive for COVID-19?

Query: Hello doctor, My father has tested positive but does not have fever or shortness of breath. He has a mild cough and weakness. He had a fever on Sunday somewhere between 98 to 100, but after taking medicine, the temperature is normal. What are the precautions we need to take?  Read Full »

Dr. N Ashok Viswanath

Infectious Diseases Specialist, Microbiologist, General Practitioner

Answer: Hello, Welcome to I understand your query. It indicates that your father is suffering from a milder form of COVID. During COVID day 5 to 10 of illness is very important as complications tends to occur during these days. The fever tends to be continuous or on and off? Measure SPO2 on...  Read Full »

What causes chronic cold, cough, and catarrh?

Query: Hi doctor,My mother is suffering from severe cold, cough, and catarrh for years. She consulted several doctors but the root cause of her illness is not identified. The doctors are not able to identify the cause. Having a little exposure to the breeze makes her feel very cold. It makes her sneeze pro...  Read Full »

Dr. Balamurugan

Family Physician, General Practitioner

Answer: Hi, Welcome to I understand your concern. Your mother is suffering from vasomotor rhinitis. It occurs due to dysregulation of sympathetic (controls vascular tone) parasympathetic (mucus secretion) and pain-sensitive nerves (controls itching or sneezing reflexes) that innervate the...  Read Full »

What medicines to give an older adult for cough and fever?

Query: Hi doctor, My grandmother is 96 years old, and she has a cough and fever. We also have noticed some bedsore at her back, probably due to a prolonged stay in bed. What medication can we give her? I hope you can help us out. Thank you.  Read Full »

Dr. Manisha

General Practitioner, Family Physician

Answer: Hi, Welcome to Your grandmother seems to be bedridden for quite some time as she has developed bedsores. However, staying in bed can lead to several other problems, such as pneumonia because of limited movement and deep breathing. In addition, having a fever can be a sign of upper res...  Read Full »

Why does my bedridden father cough even after giving nebulizer?

Query: Hi doctor,My father is 82 years old. Currently, he is in bed. We use pads for him. He eats well, but he has a cough. So we give him a nebulizer twice daily, but now while nebulization, we can hear the sound of his cough. Please advise.  Read Full »

Dr. Sanya Dhingra

Family Physician, General Practitioner

Answer: Hi, Welcome to This cough sound is not precisely cough but a wheeze (what we call it in medical language). Wheeze is a prevalent feature of COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease- bronchial asthma). This could also be a sputum collection in the airway. Is there a previous histo...  Read Full »

My 14-month-old daughter is grinding her teeth badly. What is the cause?

Query: Hi doctor, My daughter is 14 months old. I had given her a 5 mL dosage of Albendazole before a month. She was doing all fine. From the last week, she has a cold and cough. It is not bad and, whenever she has a cold, she recovers fast.  This time, she is grinding her teeth so bad. I was advised that...  Read Full »

Dr. Faisal Abdul Karim Malim

Child Health Specialist, Paediatrician

Answer: Hi, Welcome to It is common for babies of this age group to exhibit this phenomenon, and it has nothing to do with Albendazole. It is because children at this age start to develop molar teeth, which is a little bit painful and irritating. So, do not worry. It is a time bound process an...  Read Full »

What does pulmonary hyperaerated, bilateral, in a chest x-ray mean?

Query: Hi doctor, I am having a cough and a weird feeling while exhaling. I am experiencing this issue for more than a month now. Previously, I coughed out phlegm with blood. It looked like fresh blood. Currently, I have phlegm. I have pain while exhaling air. I have pain in my upper left-back. I have a h...  Read Full »

Dr. Zubayeralam

Family Physician, General Medicine Physician, General Practitioner, Pulmonologist, Internal Medicine Physician

Answer: Hi,Welcome to understand your concern. According to your statement, you are suffering from a cough. You have a history of bronchitis and your recent chest X-ray shows pulmonary hyperaerated bilateral. It means that there is an abnormal increase in lung volume with an increased filling ...  Read Full »

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