Hormonal Contraception

The use of hormones progesterone and estrogen to prevent pregnancy is called hormonal contraception. They work by either preventing ovulation, thicken the cervical mucus to prevent sperm from entering the uterus, and by making the uterus lining thin to prevent implantation. The different types of hormonal contraception are oral contraceptives, injectable Progestin, vaginal ring, intrauterine hormonal device, and Progestin implants.

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When should pregnancy be planned after rubella vaccination?

Query: Hi doctor, I am a 30 year old female and planning for a first pregnancy. Thereby across, I came to know about rubella test. I have gone through this test recently and it came out to be non-reactive IgG less than 3 IU/mL and IgM is less than 10 IU/mL. Should I go for its vaccination? If yes, then h...  Read Full »


Dr. Sameer Kumar

Family Physician, Obstetrician And Gynaecologist, Infertility Specialist

Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. Yes, you can go for rubella vaccination. You should avoid pregnancy for at least 3 months after that. You may practice barrier contraception till then or a hormonal contraception can be opted from the second month. For further information consult an obstetrician and gy...  Read Full »

How does taking Mensovit plus help in preventing pregnancy?

Query: Hello doctor, I am a married woman with two kids and a regular cycle. My first day of last period was on the 7th of last month. On 26th I had intercourse and took Mensovit plus on 30th and 1st and yet to get periods. Please advise. I have not done any family planning post my second delivery, but w...  Read Full »


Dr. Sanjay Kumar Bhattacharyya

Obstetrician And Gynaecologist

Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. This seems you have sex on the 19th day of your cycle. This could turn you pregnant and as such why don't you opt for a pregnancy testing now? Mensovit plus is a hormonal nonspecific medicine but not protective of pregnancy. So, do a test first and let me know the re...  Read Full »

What are the expected physical and emotional changes in hormonal birth control withdrawal?

Query: Hello doctor, I want to know about going off birth control. What are the five to ten most common physical and emotional changes women can expect when they discontinue hormonal birth control use? Will these changes differ depending on the type of birth control and how long you have been on it? How...  Read Full »


Dr. Uzma Arqam

Obstetrician And Gynaecologist

Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. There could be many effects if a woman has been on any specific birth control pills like mood variations, fear of conception if not willing to conceive, anxiety, irregular periods, skin dryness, soft breast, dry hairs, less libido, angry behavior, etc. If the body ...  Read Full »

What is the cause for rough skin and red bumps on cheeks after shower?

Query: Hello doctor, I have noticed that whenever I get out of the shower I have these small red bumps on my cheek bones and around my eyes and eyebrows. They usually take hours or the entire day to go away. Also, recently my skin has been very rough and makes makeup application very difficult. I am assum...  Read Full »


Dr. Shaunak Patel

Cosmetologist, Dermatologist, Venereologist

Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. I appreciate you asking about your concern. You have very good skin in terms of tone and quality for your age. I would like to draw your attention to a few things though. Well, as you mentioned the hormonal pills can make your skin behave funny. It pops open the pore...  Read Full »

What is the Progyluton pill?

Query: Hello doctor, Could you please tell me about what problem is Progyluton prescribed?  Read Full »


Dr. Aparna M Sathawane

Obstetrician And Gynaecologist, Childbirth Educator, Infertility Specialist

Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. Progyluton is a combined hormonal pill. It has multiple uses. The most common uses are to treat abnormal uterine bleeding, irregular menses and contraception. For more information consult an infertility specialist online --> https://www.icliniq.com/ask-a-doctor-...  Read Full »

I am on birth control, why do I have cramps and brown discharge?

Query: Hello doctor,I recently started taking the combination pill. I started the pill about a week before I was due to have my regular period. I had the pills regularly for eight days before I had unprotected sex. I took the pills at the same time every day with no issues and I am now two pills away from ...  Read Full »


Dr. R Balakrishnan Menon

Infertility Specialist, Obstetrician And Gynaecologist

Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. How are you doing? I see that you have not been properly advised about taking the pill. Let me try to explain. Your body produces hormones cyclically with lots of ups and downs, and only then will you ovulate. These combined pills are the same hormones as what the bo...  Read Full »

What causes swelling in tits?

Query: Hello doctor, Just as of today my nipples have got swollen and my boobs are tender to touch. It started less than an hour ago. I had headache all day. As far as I am aware, I am not sure what is going on? I never had this issue before. Please help.  Read Full »


Dr. Sanjay Kumar Bhattacharyya

Obstetrician And Gynaecologist

Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. A swollen nipple as well as tender breasts can occur if you are just before your cycle. If so, it is quite normal. It is due to the temporary hormonal fluctuation inside you. Otherwise, taking hormonal contraceptive pills could be a reason. Hard sex with rough handl...  Read Full »

Can a woman's intimate life get affected with an IUD?

Query: Hi doctor,How having an IUD can potentially change or affect intercourse for a woman? What are the ways a woman's intimate life may change with an IUD such as certain position hurt more, etc., and why? I would like you to touch on the differences between hormonal and non-hormonal IUDs. How they impa...  Read Full »


Dr. Seikhoo Bishnoi

Psychiatrist, Sexologist, Psychotherapist

Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. IUD or intrauterine devices result in effective contraception for long. The IUDs are an active, cheap and safe method of contraception. Most of the IUDs release a small quantity of hormones daily and provide effective contraception. In general presence of IUD does n...  Read Full »

What is the reason for delayed periods if pregnancy test is negative?

Query: Hello doctor, I am 41.5 years old female. I always get periods on time. My cycle is of 24 to 25 days. But this time it is late by five days. I have not got my periods yet. I have checked pregnancy test today but it shown negative. What could be the reason for delayed periods? My tummy remains bloat...  Read Full »


Dr. Prabha Ranjan

Obstetrician And Gynaecologist

Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. I have gone through your history and understand your concern. I will try my best to help you. Do a repeat pregnancy test with urine pregnancy kit, if its negative, wait for period for at least seven to 10 days. If period does not come repeat it again after one week. ...  Read Full »

I have cervicitis after having Nuvaring for seven years. Is this normal?

Query: Hello doctor,I am a 25 year old female who took Nuvaring continuously for seven years. After my yearly appointment last year, I had excessive bleeding and irritation of my cervix upon examination. I was told I had chronic cervicitis and an overgrowth of tissue on my cervix which would need to be rem...  Read Full »


Dr. Uzma Arqam

Obstetrician And Gynaecologist

Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. Nuvaring is a hormone-releasing contraceptive ring placed in the vagina. As it is hormone based, it causes side effects like menstrual irregularities, decrease in libido, vaginal itching, infection, headache, bloating, weight and appetite changes, abnormal hair growt...  Read Full »

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Disclaimer: All health Q&As published on this website is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical diagnosis, advice or treatment by a trained physician. Seek the advice from your physician or other qualified health-care providers with questions you may have regarding your symptoms and medical condition for a complete medical diagnosis. Do not delay or disregard seeking professional medical advice because of something you have read on this website.