Enamel Demineralization

The dissolving of the surface minerals of the outer surface of the tooth (enamel) is called demineralization. It gives a frosty white look to the surface of the enamel, which is also the first sign of dental caries or decay.

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Can a dentist identify the difference between enamel wear caused by soda drinks and acid reflux?

Query: Hello doctor, My husband had not been to the dentist in five years. He drinks one to two energy drinks and multiple cans of soda daily for 15 years. He brushes his teeth twice a day and flosses regularly. After five years, he recently went to the dentist, and they told him he needed to be checked fo...  Read Full »


Dr. Mousam Chattopadhyay

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. They are quite the same. Energy drinks or simple aerated drinks such as sodas contain mild acid that wears off enamel if consumed regularly. A person can have acid reflux for many reasons, and consuming these drinks is a very common cause. But of course not the only ca...  Read Full »

I noticed decalcification and brown stains on the teeth after orthodontic treatment. Kindly help.

Query: Hello doctor,After taking my braces off, I noticed some decalcification and brown streaking along my gum line. These do not hurt, but they are bothering me. Will these fade away with good dental habits? Or do I need a dental procedure with my dentist?  Read Full »


Dr. Krishna Swaroop Achanta

Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. I need clarification from you regarding whether the lines you see on the enamel are brown, white, or grey in color? Decalcification is natural after orthodontic treatment because of the forces exerted on the superficial enamel. But if it is too high, the demineralizati...  Read Full »

What are the options to whiten teeth, which are brown due to high chlorine in the water?

Query: Hi doctor, I am trying to make my teeth white. I am brushing my teeth twice a day. But it is not working. My region has high chlorine in water and so I have brown teeth. What is the solution?   Read Full »


Dr. Mousam Chattopadhyay

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. The brown appearance of teeth is not related to stains or plaque. There is actual chipping of enamel showing a brown dentin layer. This condition is referred to as enamel hypoplasia. If anyone in your family has this similar condition, then it is known as amelogenesis i...  Read Full »

Will severe acid reflux turn my teeth translucent with receding gums?

Query: Hi doctor, Lately, I noticed that my teeth are not the best looking. I had acid reflux. I looked up a lot of stuff about acid in the mouth, and looking at my teeth I think this is what is happening. My teeth started turning translucent two weeks ago. When I looked it up, it said that it could occur...  Read Full »


Dr. Honey Nandwani

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. The symptoms that you have explained are right. If you have acid reflux problem and in your case, it looks like there is too much of acid refluxing in your mouth from the stomach. This acid can erode your teeth making the enamel thin due to loss of minerals. I have common...  Read Full »

What harm can lemon juice and bicarbonate cause to my enamel in a single use?

Query: Hello doctor, I have just brushed my teeth with lemon juice and bicarbonate soda as I read it can whiten teeth. I just now came to know that it can damage my enamel. I have done it only once. Are my teeth going to be normal?  Read Full »


Dr. Mousam Chattopadhyay

Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. As per reading, the history lemon juice and bicarbonates from baking soda can cause serious harm to your teeth. I would strongly recommend do not follow any home remedy procedure of tooth whitening as they are not only ineffective but can seriously damage the ename...  Read Full »

Why does my 15-month-old baby have discolored teeth?

Query: Hi doctor, My daughter is 15 months old. Her weight is 8.2 kg and height is 80 cm. Her food includes apple, rice, green gram, vegetables along with breast milk. But, I am not adding sugar or salt. I am giving her Ostocalcium, vitamin D and multivitamins as suggested by her pediatrician. She has got ...  Read Full »


Dr. Naveen Thomas

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. The white discoloration (attachment removed to protect patient identity) is the demineralization of enamel on the surface of teeth. It occurs due to prolonged sticking of food items, especially mother's milk after feeding. It is very simple to prevent the formation of cav...  Read Full »

Is it normal for the primary molar to get chipped into pieces?

Query: Hello doctor, I had an experience with a tooth as a child that I have never received an answer. My baby teeth were always kept pretty clean and well taken care of but this one incident happened where one tooth literally disintegrated in a matter of seconds. I was sucking on a sucker and noticed tha...  Read Full »


Dr. Beryl Fredrick

Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. I have gone through your query and understand your concern. When did it happen (at what age)? How many molars? Any history of bottle feeding? Diet history? History of dental checkups and dental treatments had during that period? More history of the details would hel...  Read Full »

What could be the cause of crescent-shaped front teeth?

Query: Hello Doctor, My son is 2 and a half years old and has very jagged (crescent-shaped) front teeth. I have brought him to two dentists. One said it appeared to be an enamel deficiency and the other said it was due to him grinding his teeth. I have never seen or heard him grind.  Read Full »


Dr. Geethanjali Sadasivam

Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. I have read through your complaint and the relevant details. I also saw the picture attached (attachment removed to protect patient identity). This is definitely not because of teeth grinding because the features of the tooth say it all. This could be something call...  Read Full »

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