Hiv Testing

There are different tests available to detect HIV. They may test for antibodies alone or antibodies as well as p24 antigens from blood, saliva or urine of the person. While some tests may give immediate results, some require more time, up to a few weeks.

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I am worried about HIV as I had a sexual encounter with a commercial sex worker. What should I do?

Query: Hi doctor,Last week I met a commercial sex worker. I do not know her HIV status. First, we both kissed, and then she came on my lap, and I did not insert my penis. Then we kissed again, she did a blow job, and I took a condom and did vaginal intercourse. Again, I had no cuts on my penis. After that,...  Read Full »

Dr. Sushma Shah

Answer: Hello, Welcome to I understand your concern. RNA PCR is only active on the 15th day. So your test needed to be more conclusive. Therefore, PEP (post-exposure prophylaxis) to be taken for 28 days. If you go for the next episode, you have to start PEP again if unprotected sex, vaginal...  Read Full »

Will I get HIV if a HIV positive person sneezes on my face?

Query: Hi doctor,A person sneezed on my face, and there was sputum on my mustache area. I used my tongue to lick it unknowingly. The sputum was like a transparent white jelly. I am afraid that I will get HIV for licking it because the person who sneezed on my face is HIV positive. Can this cause HIV?Please...  Read Full »

Dr. Sushma Shah

Answer: Hello, Welcome to I understand your concern. There is a possibility for the transmission of HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) infection. Therefore, I suggest you do one of the following tests: 1. ELISA (enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay) kit test - Seven to ten days after exposure. ...  Read Full »

Should I undergo the HIV tests again for the joint pain and tongue thrush that do not subside even after taking the medications?

Query: Hello doctor, I had unprotected sex 2.5 months ago, and after one month, I had a fever and cold. I had undergone an anti-HIV test at 40 and 65 days, and both were negative. The red blood cell count is high in my CBC report. After two months, I had two or three rashes on my arms and one on my chest, ...  Read Full »

Dr. Sushma Shah

Answer: Hello, Welcome to The test results (attachments removed to protect the patient's identity) are negative, meaning you do not have HIV (human immunodeficiency virus). There is no solution to decrease the count. No need for further tests for HIV. I sugget you go for a blood test to rule ...  Read Full »

I did not see any blood when the therapist, with a needle in his pocket, sat on my thighs during a massage. Should I be concerned about HIV?

Query: Hello doctor,I got a massage from a female four years ago. When she sat on my thighs, I felt a sharp pain for a few seconds, but when she got off, I did not have any pain. I am 99 % certain that this is not a needle prick. Why would a therapist try to infect me by sitting on my thighs with a needle ...  Read Full »

Dr. Sushma Shah

Answer: Hello, Welcome to I have reviewed the reports (attachments removed to protect the patient's identity). It seems that it is nonreactive. As there was no penetrative sex, there is a very low risk of exposure. So, you are safe. You do not need to undergo any further tests. The accuracy o...  Read Full »

Can my erection problems and weight loss be due to spa treatment?

Query: Hello doctor, I have erection problems and lost weight after the spa issue. I did not engage in any sexual activity and also had a bump on my head. During the spa treatment, the therapist tightened my head. I took a human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) antibody test after two months of the spa treatme...  Read Full »

Dr. Sushma Shah

Answer: Hello, Welcome to I reviewed the attached reports (attachment removed to protect the patient's identity), which suggest that you do not have human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Your erection and weight loss issues are not associated with the spa. I suggest you consult a dermatologist ...  Read Full »

What happens if sweat or water drops into the blood used for HIV testing?

Query: Hi doctor, I took OraQuick Advance Rapid HIV 1/2 antibody test today at a nearby clinic after waiting the window period for exposure of more than 90 days. I was told that the result was negative. My concern may be very paranoid and unnecessary; however, I am more curious than anything. I wanted to ...  Read Full »

Dr. Sushma Shah

Answer: Hi, Welcome to You are not paranoid, but genius. Yes, anything in the blood may change the results, and that is why we advise sterile things. But, test results if positive never shows negative. HIV virus persists till it is in any wet medium. If blood dried, then no HIV virus persist....  Read Full »

How to know if my symptoms are due to HIV?

Query: Hi doctor, I had exposure from the massage parlor last week. I got a handjob from the lady. This is the only exposure I have. I have taken the following test, and all the results were negative. I have given the details below: At four weeks: HIV ELISA antibody = negative VDRL = negative Hep B and...  Read Full »

Dr. Sushma Shah

Answer: Hi, Welcome to I went through the message, and saw many tests done. All tests conclusive accuracy is 99.6-.99.9%. If you are complaining sneeze congestion, throat congestion then they are recurrent in this season, or it may be strep throat. To rule out HIV, you need to go for a We...  Read Full »

Do I need further testing after a rapid test to conclude HIV status?

Query: Hi doctor, I have done a rapid test for HIV. Is it conclusive or not? Do I require repeated testing?  Read Full »

Dr. Sushma Shah

Answer: Hi, Welcome to Do not worry. It is conclusive, and no further repeated tests required.  Read Full »

CMIA test is negative.Shall i take Gilo Ghan Vati of Patanjali? Do I have AIDS?

Query: Hi doctor, I am 24 years old male. I have done a fourth generation CMIA test which came negative after 10 years of post-exposure. I have also done RT- PCR for HIV1 and HIV2 but both came undetected and my CD4 count is 428. I was sick for the last one year with abdominal pain, oral thrush, body pain...  Read Full »

Dr. Sushma Shah

Answer: Hello, Welcome to The fourth generation CMIA (chemiluminescent microparticle immunoassay) kit test is 99.9 % correct. But symptoms are present. CD4 count is also not that high, but till results are negative. No one can say HIV positive. Go to any government hospital and give the blood...  Read Full »

Can kissing and getting touched by vaginal fluid on face cause HIV?

Query: Hi doctor, Two days ago, I met a sex worker and we were just kissing each other and my underwear was on. Then she started playing with herself and there were vaginal fluids on her hand. She put her hand on my face and close to my nose and wanted me to smell her vaginal fluid. After about 10 minutes...  Read Full »

Dr. Sushma Shah

Answer: Hello, Welcome to When there is no sex intervention and vaginal fluid was touched by her on the face, so it is clearly no penetration as the skin acts as a strong barrier. Kissing has the least chance or nil for HIV but yes, HSV (herpes simplex virus) is common. If any symptoms other ...  Read Full »

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