Proton-pump Inhibitors

Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) are drugs that are used to reduce the amount of acid produced by the stomach lining. They are used in the treatment of heartburn or gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), gastric ulcers, and to prevent damage to the lower esophagus. Omeprazole, Lansoprazole, Rabeprazole, and Pantoprazole are some of the commonly used drugs of this group.

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What could be the reason for my symptoms like stomach ache, burping and chest heaviness?

Query: Hi doctor, I am 25 years old. I am suffering from stomach ache with burping sounds. Sometimes food also comes back into the mouth from the throat. I have pain in the ribs and chest more during the night and early morning. I feel like something is stuck in my chest with feels heavy, and I am unable ...  Read Full »

Dr. Mian Shah Yousaf

Medical Gastroenterologist

Answer: Hello, Welcome to You are suffering from gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). All your symptoms are very typical of GERD. Kindly follow the following management plan and you will be doing well.  Read Full »

Which is the best probiotic for acid reflux?

Query: Hi doctor, I have acid reflux since 10 years. My H.pylori test is negative. I already overused Pantoprazole and it caused side effects like vitamin B12 deficiency, muscle weakness, etc. So, I would like to discontinue it. I heard that probiotics may heal my problem. Can I use probiotics? If so, th...  Read Full »

Dr. Anshul Varshney

Criticalcare Physician, Diabetologist, General Medicine Physician, Internal Medicine Physician, Medical Gastroenterologist, Nephrologist, Pulmonologist, Rheumatologist

Answer: Hi, Welcome to Your symptoms are suggestive of irritable bowel syndrome. Yes, probiotics play a wonderful role in this. In fact the famous probiotic for this purpose available in market are Darolac-IBS and VSL-3 (lactic acid). You can take them twice a day. For further ...  Read Full »

Why do I get a feeling of food stuck in throat post acid reflux treatment?

Query: Hello doctor, I am suffering from acid reflex for many years but it increased last month. I am positive for H.Pylori antigen and also food regurgitation. I visited a doctor and he prescribed Nexium, Dimperodone, and Amoxil 1 g and Levofloxacin. Now I feel like food stuck in the throat and if I stop...  Read Full »

Dr. Ajeet Kumar Lohana

Medical Gastroenterologist

Answer: Hello, Welcome to I did review the lab tests and prescription you added (attachment removed to protect patient identity). So your symptoms are suggestive of gastroesophageal reflux disease or GERD. Further to specify, it is PPI responsive GERD because you respond to PPI drug which is N...  Read Full »

Is it normal for headaches to increase BP?

Query: Hi doctor, I am a 26 year old male. My height is 5'8" and weight is 75 kg. For two weeks, I have been having a lot of gas and burping without any other discomfort. Due to my tough work schedule in the last week I slept only 3 to 4 hours every day. Now from the last four days, I am feeling pressure a...  Read Full »

Dr. Talal Hussain

Family Physician, General Practitioner, Internal Medicine Physician

Answer: Hi, Welcome to I have understood your problem and must say that it is quite a common complaint to my clinic. Here you must understand is that the hormones in our bodies have a lot of important functions including like sleep, mental well being, ability to fight infection, digestion, etc....  Read Full »

What does erythema with atrophy of antrum mean?

Query: Hello doctor, I am a 27-year-old female. I had a history of on and off acid reflux for a few years. Last month, I had a bad episode of GERD and was prescribed Pantoprazole for a month. It got better and I stopped taking Pantoprazole, but I still have epigastric pain on and off. I had an upper endo...  Read Full »

Dr. Abdullah Sultan

General Surgeon

Answer: Hello, Welcome to Your symptoms likely from your stomach. Atrophy and erythema mean there is inflammation, might be from a bacterial infection (helicobacter), which we have to wait for the biopsy result then to be treated with triple therapy. Hyoscyamine drug for intestinal cramps, h...  Read Full »

Kindly suggest ways to manage H.pylori infection?

Query: Hi doctor, I am an 18 year old male. I have been experiencing a wide range of symptoms for nearly a year. It all started in the last summer. I started to experience constant vomiting after eating, bloating and weight loss. Then, I was diagnosed with a Dientamoeba fragilis infection and given a cours...  Read Full »

Dr. Uphar Gupta

General Medicine Physician, Internal Medicine Physician, General Practitioner

Answer: Hi, Welcome to Your symptoms can be explained by Helicobacter pylori easily. H.pylori infects the lining of the stomach, causes increased acid production and (gastroesophageal reflux disease) GERD  as one of the main symptoms. It is a pretty common disease worldwide and is...  Read Full »

Why do I have chronic throat itching?

Query: Hello doctor, I am a female of 32 years old. I have a chronic issue of throat irritation. A year ago, I had taken treatment from the ENT specialist. He told me that everything is fine, but some kind of air obstructs the throat. Unfortunately, I lost the prescription. I have been to doctors here, ...  Read Full »

Dr. Shyam Kalyan N

Allergy Specialist, General Practitioner, ENT Otolaryngologist, Family Physician

Answer: Hello, Welcome to We are happy to help you. From the details you have provided regarding your symptoms and the previous consultations, I can conclude with reasonable surety that you are suffering from a condition called reflux laryngitis. This is a chronic condition characterized ...  Read Full »

How long will it take for persistent heartburn to heal completely?

Query: Hi doctor, I have persistent heartburn related symptoms for the last four to five months. I visited a gastro and he prescribed me medicines for 14 days. My conditions got better but not fully cured, so I was given another 14 days of medicine (including a proton-pump inhibitor). Soon the lockdown k...  Read Full »

Dr. Ajeet Kumar Lohana

Medical Gastroenterologist

Answer: Hello, Welcome to You have briefly and well described your history, and I understand that you have very genuine concerns. So, the problem you have is called gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). This is basically reflux of acid from the stomach to food pipe causing heartburn, sore thr...  Read Full »

How long should I take rest for hemorrhagic patches on vocal cords?

Query: Hi doctor, I had some vocal fatigue for a while and I have been resting my voice for pretty much one month now. I was not so sure if I should start speaking again or not. I am a bit afraid if it is going to affect my singing voice. Either way the first time I consult an ENT they said I had hemorrh...  Read Full »

Dr. Shyam Kalyan N

Allergy Specialist, General Practitioner, ENT Otolaryngologist, Family Physician

Answer: Hello, Welcome to I assume that these videos are one month prior to today's condition. (attachment removed to protect patient identity). I see some amount of inter arytenoid pachydermia (suggestive of acid reflux and associated changes in the posterior part of vocal apparatus) and a...  Read Full »

I suffer from erosive antral gastritis for a long time. Please suggest permanent solution.

Query: Hello doctor, I am 43 years old. From my 25 years of age I am suffering from burning epigastrium i.e. erosive antral gastritis. The endoscopy report shows erosion ++, congestion +. My Physician has suggested any of PPI like Pantroprazole 40 mg OD or Rabeprazole 40 mg OD. I Simply wish to know is t...  Read Full »

Dr. Lohit Chauhan

Family Physician, General Medicine Physician, Internal Medicine Physician

Answer: Hi, Welcome to Along with chronic gastritis, you seem to be having hypertension and might also have diabetes. You must get your HbA1C (glycated hemoglobin) levels done. The chronic gastritis is basically of 3 types, environmental, autoimmune and least common diffuse antral gastritis....  Read Full »

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Disclaimer: All health Q&As published on this website is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical diagnosis, advice or treatment by a trained physician. Seek the advice from your physician or other qualified health-care providers with questions you may have regarding your symptoms and medical condition for a complete medical diagnosis. Do not delay or disregard seeking professional medical advice because of something you have read on this website.