Disease Transmission

The process of passing infection-causing pathogens from an infected person to others is called disease transmission. The modes of transmission are nasal or oral droplet contact, direct physical contact, airborne, sharing clothes and utensils, and fecal-oral transmission.

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All the answers published in this website are written by Verified medical doctors, therapists and health experts. The Content has been moderated by iCliniq medical review team before publication. Post your medical clarifications on iCliniq by choosing the right specialty and get them answered. Your medical queries will be answered 24/7 by top doctors from iCliniq.

Can a dentist transmit infections by not washing hands before putting on gloves?

Query: Hi doctor, I just went to the dentist for general cleaning. My dentist is great and very hygenic. Today when he came into the room, he washed his hands and put on gloves. Halfway through, he needed to go and check on another patient. He took his gloves off and left the room. I do not know his he ne...  Read Full »

Dr. Tooba Qazi


Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. That is great that you are cautious about hygiene. But it is perfectly fine. Your doctor would have definitely washed his hands before wearing the gloves. Secondly, HIV or hepatitis C viruses do not act on other people in seconds. It takes months or years to become acti...  Read Full »

Can I get infected by blood splashing in my eye?

Query: Hi doctor,Recently, I had a blood splash in my eyes twice last week. I have done tests for HIV, HBsAg, and HCV. All the results came back negative. Today, I have a running nose with a bit of throat irritation. It disappears after drinking fluids. Should I be worried about this exposure?  Read Full »

Dr. Kakkar

Dermatologist, HIV AIDS Specialist, Venereologist

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. You can know that even having an accidental exposure to potentially infectious fluids with intact mucous membrane can transmit HIV (human immunodeficiency virus), hepatitis B, and hepatitis C and the risk is low. Having negative results for viral markers is a good t...  Read Full »

Why does the sight of blood worry me?

Query: Hi doctor, I am a 23 year old man. I am working in a hospital cafeteria. When I was washing a cart for coffee, I saw a red spot. I freaked and I became worried. It was blood and I have a few cuts on my hand. I did not wear gloves. Now any time I see red color I have phobia. I am worried whether I ...  Read Full »

Dr. Bharatesh Devendra Basti

Community Medicine Physician, Dermatologist, HIV AIDS Specialist, Preventive Medicine Physician, Venereologist

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. Do not worry. All red spots are not blood. If so handle with care. Do not touch directly if you have open wound. Just dried wounds or cracks in hands will not transmit disease. Just keep a watch. If you develop any fever or other symptoms, then do inform me....  Read Full »

What diseases can we potentially catch from our pets and how to prevent and treat them?

Query: Hello doctor,What diseases can we potentially catch from our pets and how to prevent and treat them?  Read Full »

Dr. Albana Greca

Family Physician, General Practitioner

Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. 1. Toxoplasmosis is an infection from cats to human. We have to wash our hands, maintain cleanliness, and avoid contaminated food. 2. Ringworm can be contracted from spores that survive without a host. Personal hygiene and cleaning of clothes and utensils with hot w...  Read Full »

Does a contaminated wax used in parlor spreads HIV?

Query: Hello doctor,I went to a parlor for upper lip and chin waxing. I am scared if the wax was contaminated by a person before me and if he or she bled and had an infection like HIV. The person double dipped, and I do not know that on how many people the wax was used? And what issues they might have had?  Read Full »

Dr. Kiran Anaparthi

Family Physician, HIV AIDS Specialist

Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. You are right. You have every reason to think and fear about the procedure. But the fact is, HIV cannot survive in the outside environment and cannot transmitted in this way. But what you have to fear for is HBV (hepatitis B virus) because HBV can live and infect for...  Read Full »

What are the possibilities of transmitting HIV through hand cuts?

Query: Hello doctor, I want to ask is it possible for me to transmit HIV through hand cut, (I have attached a picture) because I had anxiety when shaking hands. I am almost certainly HIV negative according to tests, but still anxious. Kindly advice.  Read Full »

Dr. Atishay Bukharia

Cosmetologist, Dermatologist, Family Physician, General Practitioner, HIV AIDS Specialist, Venereologist

Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. No, unless you put your hands in HIV positive blood.  Read Full »

What is the chance of transmitting TB to partner after completion of medicine?

Query: Hello doctor, I am having pulmonary TB and this is the third month since taking medicine. I had blood in sputum few times and sputum test showed negative but based on CT scan, the doctor suspected pulmonary TB. I was recommended medicine for six months. I am feeling better after taking medicine and...  Read Full »

Dr. Anshul Varshney

Criticalcare Physician, Diabetologist, General Medicine Physician, Internal Medicine Physician, Medical Gastroenterologist, Nephrologist, Pulmonologist, Rheumatologist

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq. com. I would need to know that have you got a repeat sputum test or chest X-ray after the treatment has started. I need to see that before I could answer your questions.  Read Full »

Can meningitis spread through sharing food and drinks?

Query: Hello doctor, I am a first year engineering student. I share my food with my friends at college every day. I had a stiff neck today. So I researched online and my search leads me to read about bacterial meningitis. I freaked out because I had never heard about meningitis. About its prevention, the a...  Read Full »

Dr. Ashaq Hussain Parrey

General Medicine Physician, Internal Medicine Physician, Rheumatologist

Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. I went through your post. Firstly, let me assure you that you do not have meningitis because people with meningitis cannot write as you do. It presents with a severe headache associated with vomiting and a very high-grade fever. The headache is so severe that some peo...  Read Full »

Though I did not penetrate, is there a risk for HIV?

Query: Hi doctor,I recently had a contact with a sex worker. I am sure that there was no penetration at all, but I am worried since I was not wearing a condom. Is there any risk for HIV? Do her secretions contain virus? I am very scared. Please help.  Read Full »

Dr. Nidhi Jain Bukharia

General Practitioner, Psychiatrist, Psychologist Counsellor, Sexologist

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. Yes, if there is contact of her secretion with your glans, then you are at risk. Can you tell me the exact date on which exposure happens in order to tell you the right test? Revert back with the answer to the above question to a sexologist online --> https://www.icli...  Read Full »

Can hepatitis C be transferred if the blood is in a dried state?

Query: Hello doctor, Can hepatitis C be transferred if the blood is in a dried state? For example, it dried on a surface and you touch it with another dry object or with dry hands. I understand if you wet the dry blood to clean it up it can transfer but I am talking in a strictly dry state. I was told it ...  Read Full »

Dr. Sagar Ramesh Makode

Cardiologist, General Medicine Physician, Internal Medicine Physician, Family Physician, General Practitioner

Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. No, once it has dried, virus is not transmitted and cannot spread the disease when it comes in contact with intact skin. Also, with drying, virus gets inactivated. Even in wet state, just contact of blood with intact skin (not mucosa), unlikely to transmit the virus ...  Read Full »

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Disclaimer: All health Q&As published on this website are not intended to be a substitute for professional medical diagnosis, advice or treatment by a trained physician. Seek the advice from your physician or other qualified health-care providers with questions you may have regarding your symptoms and medical condition for a complete medical diagnosis. Do not delay or disregard seeking professional medical advice because of something you have read on this website.