Disease Transmission

The process of passing infection-causing pathogens from an infected person to others is called disease transmission. The modes of transmission are nasal or oral droplet contact, direct physical contact, airborne, sharing clothes and utensils, and fecal-oral transmission.

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Could you please explain to me the HIV RNA PCR test report?

Query: Hello doctor, I have done the RNA PCR test (viral load test) done from a lab here. I am attaching the report. Kindly let me now the status of the report.  Read Full »


Dr. Sumit Srivastava

Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. I have gone through your report (attachment removed to protect patient identity). The report suggests that you have a negligible amount of hepatitis B viral load and the interpretation is negative. It means that you do not need medication for treatment. Only symptomati...  Read Full »

Can I get herpes from sexual contact with a girl whose previous partner is HSV-2 positive?

Query: Hello doctor,I had protected sex with a girl whose medical status is unknown, but unfortunately, the condom broke. She then said her previous partner had an HSV-2 infection, and she has not to get tested ever since. What are the chances of acquiring herpes from her? I am really worriedThanks.  Read Full »


Dr. Snehal Laul

Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. Kindly answer me the following to help you better; 1) Is there fluid contact? 2) Is there any lesion after exposure? 3) Do you have blisters, erosions, or inflammatory bumps on your genitals? 4) Do you have any burning or painful lesions? 5) Is there any...  Read Full »

Through what ways can I get HIV from my HIV-positive husband other than sex?

Query: Hi doctor,I would like to have advice from an HIV or AIDS specialist. I was diagnosed with HIV after taking my treatment. After six months, the copies moved from 32,200 copies to 21 copies which made "undetectable" so far. After keeping my treatment, I am still under below 40 copies.However, my part...  Read Full »


Dr. Nagaraj Patil

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. Good to see your reports are much better (attachments removed to protect the patient's identity) with undetectable levels and good CD (cluster of differentiation) counts. I am sure that you are being informed that with proper treatment and regular monitoring, one can live...  Read Full »

Is it possible to get a bloodborne disease through cut wounds made by broken glass pieces?

Query: Hello doctor, I was in a nightclub the other day, and so many people dropped their glasses on the floor unfourtanetly, so there were so many shattered pieces of glass on the floor. When I came home, I realized I had one or two little grazes or minor cuts, which are no deeper than 0.5 cm. But I am...  Read Full »


Dr. N Ashok Viswanath

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. I understand your query. The chances of acquiring blood-borne infection this way are very low. If the sharp glass particle came in contact with the infected person's blood a few minutes back and has caused a wound on you, then there are chances of spread of blood...  Read Full »

Can I get a bloodborne infection through the small hangnail wound caused while playing air hockey?

Query: Hello doctor,Yesterday I was playing air hockey with a friend, and my friend hit the puck pretty hard, and the puck came onto my finger, which had a hangnail on it. I do not know if the puck caused the hangnail, but It came pretty hard. It is approximately 1 mm, red, and not bleeding. My question is...  Read Full »


Dr. N Ashok Viswanath

Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. I understand your concern and query. Blood-borne viruses do not survive outside the human body for more than a few minutes. So do not worry about the transmission of the blood-borne pathogen this way. If any visible wound is present, I suggest you have a tetanus to...  Read Full »

What is the possibility of getting HIV infection from using a blood-stained towel of my neighbor?

Query: Hello doctor, I was drying my hands with a towel in a neighbor's house, and I noticed some bloodstains on the towel. My neighbor had a razor wound from shaving his face. I did not have any wounds in my hands, and also I rewashed my hands for approximately 5 to 10 seconds with soap after touchin...  Read Full »


Dr. N Ashok Viswanath

Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. I understand your query. There is no need to worry if you do not have any open fresh wounds on your skin. Most blood-borne viruses like HIV (human immunodeficiency virus), Hepatitis B, and Hepatitis C are enveloped viruses that are rapidly destroyed by soap. Also, t...  Read Full »

How long can a tuberculosis patient spread the bacteria?

Query: Hi doctor, I spent about three hours with my relative's family today as there was a family emergency at my relative's family side. One of my relatives has had TB for several years now and is on medication. I am not sure at what stage the TB is for that relative. He is not too seriously sick. He goe...  Read Full »


Dr. Zubayeralam

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. I can understand your concern. According to your statement, you have recently come in close contact with a TB (tuberculosis) patient for three hours, and you want to know the risk of being infected. A person can transmit TB to others before a TB diagnosis. A person wit...  Read Full »

Can a dentist transmit infections by not washing hands before putting on gloves?

Query: Hi doctor, I just went to the dentist for general cleaning. My dentist is great and very hygenic. Today when he came into the room, he washed his hands and put on gloves. Halfway through, he needed to go and check on another patient. He took his gloves off and left the room. I do not know his he ne...  Read Full »


Dr. Tooba Qazi

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. That is great that you are cautious about hygiene. But it is perfectly fine. Your doctor would have definitely washed his hands before wearing the gloves. Secondly, HIV or hepatitis C viruses do not act on other people in seconds. It takes months or years to become acti...  Read Full »

Can I get infected by blood splashing in my eye?

Query: Hi doctor,Recently, I had a blood splash in my eyes twice last week. I have done tests for HIV, HBsAg, and HCV. All the results came back negative. Today, I have a running nose with a bit of throat irritation. It disappears after drinking fluids. Should I be worried about this exposure?  Read Full »


Dr. Kakkar

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. You can know that even having an accidental exposure to potentially infectious fluids with intact mucous membrane can transmit HIV (human immunodeficiency virus), hepatitis B, and hepatitis C and the risk is low. Having negative results for viral markers is a good t...  Read Full »

Why does the sight of blood worry me?

Query: Hi doctor, I am a 23 year old man. I am working in a hospital cafeteria. When I was washing a cart for coffee, I saw a red spot. I freaked and I became worried. It was blood and I have a few cuts on my hand. I did not wear gloves. Now any time I see red color I have phobia. I am worried whether I ...  Read Full »


Dr. Bharatesh Devendra Basti

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. Do not worry. All red spots are not blood. If so handle with care. Do not touch directly if you have open wound. Just dried wounds or cracks in hands will not transmit disease. Just keep a watch. If you develop any fever or other symptoms, then do inform me....  Read Full »

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