Disease Transmission

The process of passing infection-causing pathogens from an infected person to others is called disease transmission. The modes of transmission are nasal or oral droplet contact, direct physical contact, airborne, sharing clothes and utensils, and fecal-oral transmission.

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All the answers published in this website are written by Verified medical doctors, therapists and health experts. The Content has been moderated by iCliniq medical review team before publication. Post your medical clarifications on iCliniq by choosing the right specialty and get them answered. Your medical queries will be answered 24/7 by top doctors from iCliniq.

Can I get herpes from sexual contact with a girl whose previous partner is HSV-2 positive?

Query: Hello doctor,I had protected sex with a girl whose medical status is unknown, but unfortunately, the condom broke. She then said her previous partner had an HSV-2 infection, and she has not to get tested ever since. What are the chances of acquiring herpes from her? I am really worried.Please help.  Read Full »


Dr. Dhepe Snehal Laul

Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. Kindly answer me the following to help you better; 1) Is there fluid contact? 2) Is there any lesion after exposure? 3) Do you have blisters, erosions, or inflammatory bumps on your genitals? 4) Do you have any burning or painful lesions? 5) Is there any...  Read Full »

Can hepatitis B be transmitted by saliva?

Query: Hello doctor, Is hepatitis B transmitted by saliva? Hepatitis B virus is just detected in my body. My viral load is 1.5 * 10^5 count/mL. Is it possible for me to get totally cure for this disease? If it is possible how much time will it take to get totally cured?  Read Full »


Dr. Mahmoud Ahmed Abdelrahman Abouibrahim

Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. Hepatitis B can be transmitted by sharing needles, the blood of infected persons, unprotected sexual activity, and saliva. Acute infection is not usually treated as body overcomes the virus but chronic infection may require treatment with the combination of medicatio...  Read Full »

What are the chance of HIV infection after a hand job, oral sex, and deep kissing with a spa therapist.?

Query: Hi doctor, I went to a spa several times in the last month. I did not have any sexual intercourse, but the therapist did a hand job and gave deep kisses. And sometimes, we had to hump between the therapist's thighs near to her genital. We also had oral sex, and she sucked my penis for a maximum of ...  Read Full »


Dr. Davie Wong

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. If you are concerned about contracting HIV (human immunodeficiency virus), the best approach is to get tested. You might get tested for other sexually transmitted infections, including gonorrhea, chlamydia, syphilis, and hepatitis C and B. The risk of catching HIV fro...  Read Full »

Can I acquire a disease through an unsterilized dental instrument?

Query: Hi doctor,Recently we visited a dentist nearby, and after examination, I had a dental cleaning or scaling done, but I am not sure whether the dentist used a new scaling tip. Am I at risk of getting infected with diseases? Kindly clarify.   Read Full »


Dr. Krishna Swaroop Achanta

Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. I read your query and can understand your concern. Ideally, in the dental clinic, there should be very strict infection control to stop the spread of infectious diseases. Usually, any doctor would have prearranged their instruments or tips before a patient walks int...  Read Full »

Is it possible to get a bloodborne disease through cut wounds made by broken glass pieces?

Query: Hello doctor, I was in a nightclub the other day, and so many people dropped their glasses on the floor unfourtanetly, so there were so many shattered pieces of glass on the floor. When I came home, I realized I had one or two little grazes or minor cuts, which are no deeper than 0.5 cm. But I am...  Read Full »


Dr. N. Ashok Viswanath

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. I understand your query. The chances of acquiring blood-borne infection this way are very low. If the sharp glass particle came in contact with the infected person's blood a few minutes back and has caused a wound on you, then there are chances of spread of blood...  Read Full »

Can I get a bloodborne infection through the small hangnail wound caused while playing air hockey?

Query: Hello doctor,Yesterday I was playing air hockey with a friend, and my friend hit the puck pretty hard, and the puck came onto my finger, which had a hangnail on it. I do not know if the puck caused the hangnail, but It came pretty hard. It is approximately 1 mm, red, and not bleeding. My question is...  Read Full »


Dr. N. Ashok Viswanath

Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. I understand your concern and query. Blood-borne viruses do not survive outside the human body for more than a few minutes. So do not worry about the transmission of the blood-borne pathogen this way. If any visible wound is present, I suggest you have a tetanus to...  Read Full »

What precautions should I take to prevent transmission of hepatitis B to my partner?

Query: Hi doctor, I am a 24 year old male, and I want to ask few questions regarding my condition. I am a dental student. When I was in the ninth standard, I was diagnosed with hepatitis B. The doctor performed many tests, like PCR (negative), HBsAg (positive), HBeAg (negative), and ALT (normal). I have he...  Read Full »


Dr. Sagar Ramesh Makode

Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. Yes, vertical transmission and sexual transmission of hepatitis B virus are possible. Vertical transmission usually occurs due to close contact of father's body fluids with a newborn child. So, avoiding close contacts will help. In precautions, vaccination for the sp...  Read Full »

Could you please explain to me the HIV RNA PCR test report?

Query: Hello doctor, I have done the RNA PCR test (viral load test) done from a lab here. I am attaching the report. Kindly let me now the status of the report.  Read Full »


Dr. Sumit Srivastava

Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. I have gone through your report (attachment removed to protect patient identity). The report suggests that you have a negligible amount of hepatitis B viral load and the interpretation is negative. It means that you do not need medication for treatment. Only symptomati...  Read Full »

Through what ways can I get HIV from my HIV-positive husband other than sex?

Query: Hi doctor,I would like to have advice from an HIV or AIDS specialist. I was diagnosed with HIV after taking my treatment. After six months, the copies moved from 32,200 copies to 21 copies which made "undetectable" so far. After keeping my treatment, I am still under below 40 copies.However, my part...  Read Full »


Dr. Nagaraj

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. Good to see your reports are much better (attachments removed to protect the patient's identity) with undetectable levels and good CD (cluster of differentiation) counts. I am sure that you are being informed that with proper treatment and regular monitoring, one can live...  Read Full »

What is the possibility of getting HIV infection from using a blood-stained towel of my neighbor?

Query: Hello doctor, I was drying my hands with a towel in a neighbor's house, and I noticed some bloodstains on the towel. My neighbor had a razor wound from shaving his face. I did not have any wounds in my hands, and also I rewashed my hands for approximately 5 to 10 seconds with soap after touchin...  Read Full »


Dr. N. Ashok Viswanath

Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. I understand your query. There is no need to worry if you do not have any open fresh wounds on your skin. Most blood-borne viruses like HIV (human immunodeficiency virus), Hepatitis B, and Hepatitis C are enveloped viruses that are rapidly destroyed by soap. Also, t...  Read Full »

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